Ricketts DE -254 - Historie

Ricketts DE -254 - Historie

Ricketts

(DE-254: dp. 1.200,1. 306 ', b. 36'7 "s. 21 k .; epl. 186; a. 3 3" 2 40 mm., 8 20 mm., 3 21 "tt., 2 dct., 8 dcp., 1 dcp. (hh.), cl. Edsall)

Rieketts (DE-254), en destroyer escort, blev nedlagt 16. marts 1943 af Brown Shipbuilding Co., Houston, Tex .; lanceret 10. maj 1943; sponsoreret bv. Fru Milton E. Rieketts, enke efter løjtnant Rieketts; og bestilt 5. oktober 1943 i Houston, løjtnant Comdr. Glenn L. Rollins, USCG, i kommando.

Efter udrustning i Galveston, Tex. Og Algier, La., Sejlede Ricketts til Bermuda for at ryste. Hun ankom Charleston, S.C., 28. november 1943 og eskorterede købmand SS Braga. Efter revision efter rystelser kom eskorten i gang 9. december til New York Citv, hvor hun sluttede sig til en konvoj bestemt til Nordafrika. Konvojen klarede den 14., men Rieketts forsinkede hendes afgang til den følgende dag for at vente på to sent lastede handelsskibe.

De tre skibe sluttede sig til konvojens hovedkrop 20. december og fortsatte videre til Casablanea, franske Marokko. Ricketts vendte tilbage til New York 24. januar 1944 og fuldendte dermed hendes eneste konvojløb til Middelhavet.

Ricketts sejlede fra New York 22. februar 1944 på den første af 12 ledsagerejser til Nordeuropa og tilbage. Hun så et flammestød i konvojen i 2035 den stormfulde nat den 25. februar. To handelsskibe, El Coston og Murfreesboro var kollideret, og begge skibe blev hårdt beskadiget og brændte. Ricketts snappede 33 overlevende fra havet, som var dækket med brændende benzin. IIer øverstbefalende blev tildelt Bronzestjernen for sin rolle i denne vovede redning, og to andre officerer og seks hvervede mænd modtog flåde- og marinekorpsmedaljen.

I forbindelse med konvojen modtog Ricketts kaptajn John Rountree, kommandør, Eseort Division 20, da hans eget flagskib Marchand (DE-249) forlod for at eskortere den alvorlige skade] El Coston til Bermuda. Konvojen fortsatte videre til Lough Fovle, Nordirland, og Ricketts forankrede ved Lisahally 6.-12. Marts. Hun sejlede derefter med en returkonvoj til New York, der ankom den 22. marts.

Ricketts foretog 11 andre rundrejse-eskort-rejser: først fra New York til Lough Foyle og tilbage (6. april-3. maj 1944); derefter fra New York til Lough Foyle til Boston (21. maj-17. juni 1944); fulgte bv tre rejser fra New York til Lough Foyle og tilbage (2.-27. juli; 11. august-5. september og 20. september-16. oktober 1944). Andre var fra New York til River Clyde, Skotland, og vendte tilbage (7. november-7. december); fra New York til Cherbourg, Frankrig og Portland, England og tilbage (26. december 1944-23. januar 1945); fra New York til Le Havre, Frankrig og Southampton, England og tilbage (31. marts-30. april 1945); og fra New York til Southampton og tilbage (20. maj 11. juni 1945).

Ricketts sejlede fra New York 19. juni 1945 med resten af ​​Eseort Division 20 til Stillehavet. Efter øvelser i Chesapeake Bay og genopfriskningstræning i Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, passerede hun Panamakanalen 7. juli. Hun spurgte kl

San Diego, Californien til et 5-dages besøg og afgik 20. juli, dampende uafhængigt til Pearl Harbor og ankom 1 uge senere. En måned med intensiv træning i hawaiiansk farvand fulgte. Hun sejlede til Eniwetok 27. august i selskab med ni andre ocean -ledsagere og ankom der 3. september.

Befalet at acceptere overgivelsen og hjælpe med at etablere besættelsen af ​​isolerede japanske garnisoner, gik Ricketts i gang for Kusaie, Carolines 1 uge senere for at hjælpe med afvæbning af japanerne på den omgåede ø og oprette en militærregering. Yderligere pligt omfattede hjemsendelse af indfødte i Ponape og Kusaie til deres hjemøer.

Tilbage til Eniwetok 14. oktober forblev Ricketts på patrulje der indtil den 3. november, da hun forlod Pearl Harbor. Efter træning i Pearl Harbor 9. november fortsatte hun videre til San Diego og ankom der den sidste dag i måneden. Hun rensede derefter havn 2. december 1945, tog imod passagerer i Coco Solo, Panama Canal Zone og ankom til Brooklyn Navy Yard 16. december. Med afgang fra New York Harbor 21. januar 1946 rapporterede hun til inaktivering i Green Cove Springs, Fla.

Da hun ankom Green Cove Springs 23. januar, afbrød hun og sluttede sig til Florlda Group, Atlantic Reserve Fleet, 17. april 1946. RickeUs forblev i reservestatus, lagde til kaj ved Green Cove Springs, i 1961, da hun skiftede til Texas Group, Atlantic Reserve Fleet, Orange, Tex. Hun blev liggende i Orange, Tex., Indtil den blev solgt til ophugning 18. januar 1974 til Andy International, Ine., Brownsville, Tex.


Waco, Texas

Waco ( / ˈ w eɪ k oʊ / MÅDE -koh) er amtsæde i McLennan County, Texas, USA. [6] Det ligger langs Brazos-floden og I-35, halvvejs mellem Dallas og Austin. Byen havde en befolkning i 2010 på 124.805, hvilket gør den til den 22. mest folkerige by i staten. [7] Befolkningsestimatet i 2019 for byen var 139.236. [8] Det statistiske område Waco storby består af McLennan og Falls amter, der havde en befolkning i 2010 på 234.906. [9] Falls County blev tilføjet til Waco MSA i 2013. Den amerikanske folketællingsestimat i 2019 for Waco storbyområde var 273.920. [10]


Æresmedalje

Præsidenten i Amerikas Forenede Stater i kongressens navn sætter en ære i at overrække Medal of Honor (posthumt) til løjtnant Milton Ernest Ricketts (NSN: 0-75002), United States Navy, for ekstraordinær og fornem galanteri over og ud over call of duty som ansvarlig officer for Engineering Repair Party i USS YORKTOWN i aktion mod fjendtlige japanske styrker i slaget ved Koralhavet den 8. maj 1942. Under den alvorlige bombardering af YORKTOWN af fjendtlige japanske styrker passerede en luftbombe igennem og eksploderede direkte under den kupé, hvor løjtnant Ricketts slagstation var fundet, dræbt, såret eller bedøvet alle hans mænd og såret ham dødeligt. På trods af hans ebberende styrke åbnede løjtnant Ricketts straks ventilen på en ildstik i nærheden, ledte delvis ildslangen ud og ledte en tung vandstrøm ind i ilden, før han faldt død ved siden af ​​slangen. Hans modige handling, som utvivlsomt forhindrede den hurtige spredning af ild til alvorlige størrelser, og hans ubøjelige hengivenhed til pligt var i overensstemmelse med de højeste traditioner i den amerikanske flådeservice. Han gav galant sit liv for sit land.

Handlingsdato: 8. maj-42
Service: Navy
Rang: Løjtnant
Division: U.S.S. Yorktown (CV-5)


At gå i land: Søværn i Casco Bay under anden verdenskrig (del II)

(Dette er det andet i en række blogindlæg, der diskuterer den rolle, Casco Bay spillede under anden verdenskrig. Dette er del I af serien. “Går i land ” er de indsamlede indlæg fra George Stewart, pensioneret marinekaptajn og NHF -blogfrivillig. Læs det første indlæg HER).

I 1942 var slaget ved Atlanterhavet i fuld gang. Faciliteter i Casco Bay var fuldt funktionsdygtige med undtagelse af en vandflybase og Navy Fuel Annex på Long Island, som begge stadig var under opførelse. Som tidligere nævnt var marinebasens hovedfunktioner at sørge for shakedown, opdatering og specialiseret ASW -træning for DESLANT -skibe. Slagskibe og krydsere brugte også faciliteterne til træningsformål. Mindst ét ​​destroyer -bud ville altid være tilgængeligt for at levere reparationer og vedligeholdelse af skibe efter behov. Basen fungerede også som et iscenesættelsesområde for skibe, der blev tildelt konvoj-eskorte og anti-ubådspatruljer i Nordatlanten og langs den østlige kyst. Den østlige havgrænsekommandørs ansvar spænder fra den canadiske grænse ned til Jacksonville, Florida og ud til 200 miles offshore. Han var baseret på 90 Church Street i New York.

Shakedown -træning finder sted kort efter, at et skib er blevet taget i brug. I de dage var det normalt kun omkring syv til ti dage i længden. Det var, da skibets besætning for første gang skulle udøve alle de store skibsfunktioner. Uddannelse bestod normalt af levende affyring af skibets kanoner og andre våbensystemer, skaderegulering og ingeniørarbejde med ulykker, forankring og fortøjning til en bøje, uassisteret dokning og afkobling, i gang med at tanke, slæbe og blive bugseret og en række andre øvelser under Fleet Training Group -instruktørernes vågne øje. Det var en meget intens periode. Under krigen ville det have været det dobbelte på grund af den begrænsede tid, der var til rådighed, og det presserende krav til skibe på nettet. Opfriskningstræning var af lignende omfang. Det blev udført efter at et skib havde gennemgået en større værftsperiode. Under krigen blev der foretaget shakedown og genopfriskningstræning på østkysten bygget skibe enten ved Casco Bay, Naval Operating Base Bermuda eller ved Guantanamo Bay. Efter krigen blev alle disse funktioner håndteret ved "GTMO" for Atlantic Fleet -skibe.

Destroyers, Destroyer Escort-typer og andre fartøjer med anti-ubådsevne gennemgik også specialiseret ASW-uddannelse. Meget af denne uddannelse fandt sted i Casco Bay, hvor undervisningsubåde let kunne leveres fra New London. Forholdene lignede det, de ville støde på i Nordatlanten. Disse ubåde var normalt ældre typer, der stammer tilbage fra første verdenskrig, selvom fangede italienske ubåde blev tilgængelige til at udføre denne funktion senere i krigen.

Databasen indeholder registreringer af 149 fartøjer, der besøgte Casco Bay i 1942. Disse omfattede de nye slagskibe USS Washington (BB 56), USS South Dakota (BB 57), USS Indiana (BB 58) og USS Massachusetts (BB 59) plus ældre slagskibe som USS Arkansas (BB 33) og USS Texas (BB 35). Hangarskibet USS Hveps (CV 7) kom lige før overførslen til Stillehavet. De toogfirs destroyere på listen var langt den største gruppe af skibe på listen. Det ser ud til, at mindst 59 af dem var der for shakedown. De fleste af disse var Benson, Gleaves, og Fletcher typer bygget i de tidlige stadier af krigen i østkystværfter. De enogtyve Fletchers blev på det tidspunkt anset for at være "top of the line" destroyer typer. Næsten alle skibe i denne klasse, der trænede i Casco Bay under krigen, blev straks skabt til tjeneste i Stillehavet, hvor de var mest nødvendige.

Samlet set var 1942 et meget dårligt år for den amerikanske flåde i slaget ved Atlanterhavet. Tyskerne omtalte det som deres "lykkelige tid". Det var ved at ændre sig i 1943.

Det år startede dårligt for flåden i Atlanterhavet, hvor U-Boat-offensiven nåede sit højdepunkt i marts 1943. Det ville dog blive bedre i april. Perioden mellem april og november 1943 anses for at være den tid, hvor den tyske U-Boat-offensiv blev besejret og slaget ved Atlanterhavet vandt. Derefter var den tyske flåde aldrig i stand til at montere en effektiv ubådsovertrædelse ud af deres hjemlige farvande. Den væsentligste årsag til denne vending var forbedret koordinering mellem de forskellige grupper, der havde ansvaret for indsatsen mod ubåd.

En afgørende faktor i denne hændelse var succesen for jæger-dræbergrupperne, ledet af ledsagere (CVE). En række af disse skibe blev konverteret fra handelsskibsskrog. Året 1943 introducerede også en ny skibstype, Destroyer Escort (DE). Disse skibe havde kun en maksimal hastighed på 20 til 24 knob. Dette var tilstrækkeligt til ASW -formål, da Destroyer Escorts havde en strammere venderadius end deres destroyer -modstykker. Det var først i efteråret 1943, at Destroyer Escorts ville dukke op i alt, der lignede en ønsket mængde. Dette frigjorde Atlantic Fleet destroyers til at støtte invasionerne i Nordafrika, Sicilien og Italien eller til tjeneste i Stillehavet, hvor de var mere presserende påkrævet. Mange DD'er og DE'er, der anløb Casco Bay i løbet af 1943, tjente som medlemmer af jæger-dræbergrupper eller støttede de førnævnte invasioner.

Slaget ved Atlanterhavet med tallene:

  • 1939 (4 måneder)-810 allierede skibe sank, 9 u-både tabt
  • 1940 – 4407 Allierede Skibe sank, 22 U-både tabt
  • 1941 – 4398 Allierede Skibe sank, 35 U-både tabt
  • 1942 – 8245 Allierede Skibe sank, 85 U-både tabt
  • 1943 -3611 allierede skibe sænket, 237 u -både tabt

Tyskerne var ude af stand til at opretholde denne tabsrate. U-Boat fra Anden Verdenskrig havde en række operationelle begrænsninger. En af de største var dens begrænsninger med udholdenhed forårsaget af nødvendigheden af ​​at overflade for at genoplade batterier og maksimale undervandshastigheder på cirka 6 knob. U-både kunne opretholde en hastighed på omkring 17 knob på overfladen. Denne hastighed tillod dem at løbe ud af kystledsagere som f.eks. Første Verdenskrig, der byggede Eagle Boats og konverterede lystbåde. Men hastigheden på overfladen viste sig at være lidt brugt mod fly.

Efterhånden som effektiviteten af ​​landbaserede patruljefly blev forbedret, blev det muligt at give god dækning, især i dagslys. Flyets evne til at opdage nedsænkede ubåde var meget begrænset. Nogle forbedringer blev foretaget ved opfindelsen af ​​Magnetic Anomaly Detector (MAD) gearet. Opfindelsen af ​​radar forbedrede også i høj grad evnen til at detektere en ubåd, der dukker op om natten.

En stor begrænsning af landbaserede fly var deres relativt begrænsede rækkevidde. Derfor var der store huller i midten af ​​havet, hvor flydækning ikke var tilgængelig. Meget af årsagen til vendingerne i 1943 under slaget ved Atlanterhavet var effektiviteten af ​​jæger-dræbergrupperne bygget omkring CVE'erne og deres ledsagere, som var i stand til at udfylde de fleste af disse huller.

Et skib-flyhold er fortsat den mest effektive måde at opdage og dræbe ubåde på. Skibe tilbyder afsløringsevne og er i stand til at forblive på stationen i lange perioder, mens fly giver hurtig reaktion og mulighed for let at løbe ud af ubådene og levere våben. Moderne praksis er, at destroyere og fregatter bærer specialiserede ASW-helikoptere kaldet LAMPS (Light airborne multi-purpose systems).

En stor fordel ved både CVE- og DE -typerne var, at begge let blev produceret og var relativt billige i forhold til bærere og destroyere i fuld størrelse.

I alt 191 skibe i databasen vises som besøg i Casco Bay i 1943. Disse omfattede slagskibene USS New York (BB 34), USS Texas (BB 35), USS South Dakota (BB 57), USS Massachusetts (BB59), USS Alabama (BB 60), USS Iowa (BB 61) og USS New Jersey (BB 62) og hangarskibet USS Ranger (CV 4). Der var 104 destroyere på listen, hvoraf 40 var Fletcher klasse skibe på vej mod Stillehavet efter shakedown. Dette var første gang, at de nye Destroyer Escorts optrådte på listen med 22 besøg på rekord i løbet af 1943. De fleste af disse skibe var bestemt til jæger-dræbergrupper i Atlanterhavet eller konvoj-eskorteopgaver i Nordatlanten eller Middelhavet.

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George W. Stewart er en pensioneret amerikansk flådekaptajn. Han er 1956 kandidat fra Massachusetts Maritime Academy. I løbet af sin 30 -årige søkarriere havde han to skibskommandoer og tjente i alt 8 år på sømaterielinspektionsbrætter, hvor han gennemførte forsøg og inspektioner ombord på over 200 flådefartøjer. Siden hans pensionering fra aktiv søfartstjeneste i 1986 har han været ansat i skibsdesignindustrien, hvor han har specialiseret sig i udvikling af konceptdesign af fremdrifts- og drivsystemer, hvoraf nogle er trådt i aktiv tjeneste. Han har i øjeblikket titlen som Chief Marine Engineer hos Marine Design Dynamics.


Løjtnant Milton Ernest Ricketts Memorial

Til minde om løjtnant Milton Ernest Ricketts, United States Navy, 7. august 1913-8. maj 1942. Løjtnant Ricketts fra Baltimore County blev dræbt i aktion under Anden Verdenskrig ombord på hangarskibet USS Yorktown (CV 5) i slaget af Koralhavet den 8. maj 1942. Han blev postuum tildelt kongressens æresmedalje af præsident Franklin D. Roosevelt for service ud over call of duty. Et destroyer-eskortefartøj, USS Ricketts (DE 254), blev bestilt til ære for ham den 5. oktober 1943.

Opført 1994 af The Destroyer-Escort Sailors Association of Maryland, Inc.

Emner og serier. Dette mindesmærke er opført på disse emnelister: Helte og tyrekrig, Anden Verdenskrig og tyrvandveje og fartøjer. Derudover er den inkluderet i de tidligere amerikanske præsidenter: #32 Franklin D. Roosevelt og Medal of Honor Recipients serielister.

Beliggenhed. 39 & deg 26.412 ′ N, 76 & deg 45.996 ′ W. Marker er i Owings Mills, Maryland, i Baltimore County. Mindesmærket er på Garrison Forest Road. Løjtnant Milton E. Ricketts markør er på Garrison Forest Veterans Cemetery nær hovedindgangen. Tryk for kort. Marker er i dette posthusområde: Owings Mills MD 21117, USA. Tryk for at få en vejvisning.

Andre markører i nærheden. Mindst 8 andre markører er inden for 3 miles fra denne markør, målt i luftlinje. Maryland State Veterans Cemetery (her, ved siden af ​​denne markør)

Veterans Memorial på Maryland State Veterans Cemetery-Garrison Forest (få skridt fra denne markør) VFW War Memorial (inden for råbenafstand af denne markør) Memorial of World War I (ca. 400 fod væk, målt i en direkte linje) Jewish Armed Forces Memorial ( ca. 0,6 miles væk) Hodgepodge Lodge for a New Generation (ca. 0,6 miles væk) Gwynnbrook State Farm nr. 1 (ca. 0,8 miles væk) Til minde om William Maxwell Wood, MD (ca. 1,3 miles væk). Tryk for at få en liste og et kort over alle markører i Owings Mills.

Angående løjtnant Milton Ernest Ricketts Memorial. Løjtnant Milton E. Ricketts navn er indskrevet på "The Missing Wall", ABMC Manila Cemetery. MEDAL OF HONOR CITATION: Rang og organisation: Løjtnant, US Navy. Født: 5. august 1913, Baltimore, Md. Udpeget fra: Maryland. Citat: For ekstraordinær og fornem galanti ud over call of duty som ansvarlig officer for Engineering Repair Party i U.S.S. Yorktown i aktion mod fjendtlige japanske styrker i slaget ved Koralhavet den 8. maj 1942. Under den alvorlige bombardement af Yorktown

af fjendtlige japanske styrker passerede en luftbombe igennem og eksploderede direkte under det rum, hvor løjtnant Ricketts 'slagstation lå, og dræbte, sårede eller bedøvede alle hans mænd og sårede ham dødeligt. På trods af hans ebberstyrke åbnede løjtnant Ricketts straks ventilen på en ildstik i nærheden, ledte delvis ildslangen ud og ledte en tung vandstrøm ind i ilden, før han faldt død ved siden af ​​slangen. Hans modige handling, som utvivlsomt forhindrede den hurtige spredning af ild til alvorlige størrelser, og hans ubøjelige hengivenhed til pligt var i overensstemmelse med de højeste traditioner i den amerikanske flådeservice. Han gav galant sit liv for sit land.

Se også. . . USS Ricketts (DE-254). (Indsendt den 18. marts 2014 af Richard E. Miller fra Oxon Hill, Maryland.)


GRINDON

Sognet Grindon indeholdt i 1831 townships Grindon og Whitton. Whitton er nu blevet overført til Stillington, mens township Embleton fra Sedgefield sogn blev tilføjet til Grindon i 1908. Sognet indeholder 4.275 hektar Grindon, 1.037 acres er under dyrkning, 1.927 under græs, mens der er 845 acres skov og plantager . (fn. 1) De vigtigste afgrøder, der dyrkes, er hvede, havre og byg. Sognets hældning er fra nordvest til sydøst. Jorden blandes på Magnesian Limestone og Keuper Marl.

Der er ikke, og har tilsyneladende aldrig været, en landsby Grindon. Ruinerne af den gamle kirke St. Thomas of Canterbury står på en vej, der krydser sognet fra vest til øst og bliver til en sti, der fører gennem Wynyard Park til sædet for Marquess of Londonderry. Wynyard Park, der strækker sig over 325 hektar, indeholder flere søer. Huset er en stor bygning med to etager i klassisk stil, med portik understøttet af korintiske søjler. Dens opførelse blev påbegyndt i 1841 efter en brand den 19. februar samme år, hvor det tidligere hus, der først var påbegyndt i 1822 fra Philip Wyatts designs, og var ved at være færdigt, blev ødelagt. Surtees, der skrev omkring 1823, beskriver det ældre hus som 'et af de smukkeste og mest bekvemme palæer i distriktet,' der står 'uden den store fordel af udsigt.' (fn. 2) Kapellet, designet af James Brooks, blev bygget i 1880 og ændret og forstørret i 1903–5. Skulpturgalleriet er 120 fod langt med 80 fod i bredden. På parkens højeste grund er en obelisk 127 fod i højden, rejst for at mindes hertugen af ​​Wellingtons besøg i 1827.

Fulthorpe er en gård sydvest for Wynyard Park. Længere i denne retning, og cirka en kilometer syd for Grindon Old Church, ligger landsbyen Thorpe Thewles. Det står på meget lav grund nær Thorpe Beck, på motorvejen fra Durham til Stockton. Stednavne fra det tolvte århundrede i Thorpe Thewles omfatter Hundeflat, Rietofts, Denemuthe, Laitholf, Childrelane, Paddocnol, Standandestan, Lederodes, Superveneland, Crosfurlang, Hecleve, Rerful, Scrogmedene, Blaikeshope. Thorpe Thewles Cross nævnes i samme periode. (fn. 3)

The Vane Arms Inn, i landsbyen Thorpe Thewles, er et malerisk to-etagers muret hus med buet gavl og rødt pantiled tag brudt af en stor skorsten. Det tilhører første halvdel af 1700 -tallet og var tidligere kalket. (fn. 4) Det er på det seneste blevet restaureret og groft kastet, alle vinduerne blev fornyet. Dette er tilsyneladende det hus, som Surtees skulle have været residensen for familien Kendal. (fn. 5)

Den moderne kirke Thorpe Thewles står i den østlige ende af landsbyens gade nær jernbanen. Stockton og Ferry Hill -grenen af ​​jernbanen i London og Nordøst løber fra syd til nord gennem sognet og har en station ved Thorpe Thewles, lidt nord for landsbyen.

En annonce fra 1623 beskriver dette distrikt således: 'Disse adskillige manerer og lander i Fulthrop, Winyard og Thorpthules lutter meget komisk alle, der glæder hinanden, er frugtbare af jordbund og behagelige i situationen, og så bevist og prydet med skove og lunde som noget lander i den del af contrien, der kan sammenlignes med dem. ' (fn. 6) De fælles felter i Thorpe Thewles var indesluttet i Elizabeths tid (fn. 7) i Whitton kort før 1617. (fn. 8)

En sognegård blev bygget i 1922.

Herregårde

Villen af GRINDON har i hele sin historie været knyttet til herregården i Fulthorpe. (fn. 9) I marts 1336–7 viste det sig, at Roger de Fulthorpe havde haft en tredje del af chefen for en gratis leje på 8d. (fn. 10) Hans barnebarn Alan kan muligvis have været 'Adam Fulford', der omkring 1384 holdt hele villen for en husleje på 2s. (fn. 11) I de efterfølgende inkvisitioner af Fulthorpe -familien angives villens omfang som 10 tofts og omkring 180 acres. (fn. 12)

Grindon: The Vane Arms i landsbyen Thorpe Thewles

Herregården i FULTHORPE blev holdt fra den tidligste periode, for hvilken der er beviser fra en familie af dette navn. Roger de Fulthorpe og Roger hans søn findes vidner til chartre til Finchale i begyndelsen af ​​1200 -tallet. (fn. 13) Den yngre Roger havde en søn Adam, (fn. 14) sandsynligvis Adam -sønnen til Roger de Fulthorpe, kt., der var bekymret i en aftale om jord i Thrislington i 1262. (fn. 15) Han var efterfulgt af Roger, sandsynligvis hans søn (fn. 16), der var død i marts 1336–7. (fn. 17) Efter sigende blev Roger grebet af en gruppe af herregården i Fulthorpe, der blev holdt i høvding for en tolvte del af en ridderhonorar. (fn. 18) Dette var den normale mængde riddertjeneste, der skulle betales af herregården, som hele tilhørte Rogers efterkommere. (fn. 19) Rogers søn og arving Alan lykkedes, mens han stadig var mindreårig (fn. 20), han døde i eller omkring 1374 og efterlod en søn og arving, en anden Alan, en mindreårig. (fn. 21) Den yngre Alan døde grebet af hele herregården i omkring 1407 og efterlod en søn Thomas, fjorten år. (fn. 22) Thomas levede i 1409, og i 1415 bosatte herregården sig selv og hans kone Margaret datter af Thomas de Crathorne og deres problem. (fn. 23) Han døde i 1439 (fn. 24) og Margaret levede kun indtil oktober året efter. (fn. 25) Deres søn og arving var Thomas, dengang mindreårig (fn. 26), der efterlod en søn Alan. (fn. 27) Alan døde i 1485, da hans søn og arving Christopher var tyve år gammel. (fn. 28) Christopher bosatte herregården i februar 1514–5 på sin søn James og Elizabeth Place hans kone for deres liv og den overlevendes liv. (fn. 29) Det vendte derefter tilbage til arvingerne til hans ældste søn John, der døde i 1556, og efterlod døtre og medarvinger Anne og Cecily. (fn. 30) De blev gift med henholdsvis Francis og Christopher, brødre i familien Wandesford i Kirklington. (fn. 31) I 1566 blev halvdelen af ​​herregården i Fulthorpe bosat på Christopher Wandesforde og hans kone Cecily, med resten til Francis, Henry og Thomas Wandesforde deres sønner i halen. (fn. 32) I 1586 blev der imidlertid foretaget en opdeling af John Fulthorpes landområder mellem Christopher og Francis Wandesforde, mand og søn af Cecily, og Anne Nevill, enke efter Francis Wandesforde, og hendes søn Christopher. Ved denne aftale modtog Anne for sin andel, blandt andet, herregården i Fulthorpe og Grindon, som hun bosatte sig til eget brug for livet med resten til sin søn Sir Christopher Wandesforde. (fn. 33) Christophers søn Sir George solgte den i 1596 til Thomas Blakiston fra Blakiston, (fn. 34), der i 1617 overbragte den til Arthur og Humphrey Robinson. (fn. 35) Nitten år senere overførte Arthur Robinson med Henry Robinson, senior, hans bror og Henry, søn og arving til Henry Robinson, det til Alexander Davison, (fn. 36), der erhvervede herregården i Blakiston omkring kl. samme tid. Fulthorpe blev sekvestreret i 1644 for kriminalitet af Alexander Davison og hans søn Thomas. (fn. 37) Thomas var i besiddelse af herregården i 1657, (fn. 38), og det ser ud til at have fulgt efterfølgende nedstigningen af ​​Blakiston. Den nuværende ejer er Viscount Boyne.

Fulthorpe. Argent en kværn krydsabel.

Villen af THORPE THEWLES (Thorp, xii– xiii cent. Thorpp Thewles, 1265 Thorpe Theules, xiv cent.) Tilhørte i 1100 -tallet familien Thorpe. Geoffrey de Thorpe, der i 1166 holdt et halvt riddergebyr i bispestolen, (fn. 39) var sandsynligvis herre over denne herregård og var måske identisk med Geoffrey søn af Godfrey de Thorpe, som mellem 1180 og 1194 bevilgede sin søster Maud 3 oxgangs jord her. (fn. 40) John søn af Geoffrey de Thorpe ydede tilskud til Finchale Priory i begyndelsen af ​​1200 -tallet og svarede for en halv ridderhonorar i biskoppens feodar fra 1249–60. (fn. 41) Han havde to sønner, Geoffrey og William, hvoraf Geoffrey ser ud til at have været den ældste. (fn. 42) Geoffrey bekræftede tilskud til Finchale (fn. 43) og døde tilsyneladende uden problemer. Hans bror William (fn. 44) bevilgede jord i Thorpe Thewles til fuldmægtig Alan de Thorpe, der i 1265 gav det til Finchale Priory. (fn. 45) Arving til William var hans søn Robert de Thorpe, (fn. 46), hvis enke Aveline i 1305 holdt en tredjedel af herregården i dower. (fn. 47) De resterende to tredjedele var i biskoppens hænder, formentlig af escheat, og hele herregården blev hævdet allerede i 1304 af John søn af John de Maidstone som hans arv fra sin far. (fn. 48) Biskoppens forsvar var, at John var en bastard. (fn. 49) I 1307 blev sagen afgjort ved en frigivelse til biskop Bek fra John de Maidstone. (fn. 50)

Herregårdens historie i første halvdel af 1300 -tallet er meget uklar. I 1335 blev jord her besat af Sir Robert Conyers, i 1339 blev der holdt andet land af Richard de Sayton. (fn. 51) Et charter blev foretaget til Finchale af John Ward fra Thorpe Thewles, (fn. 52) og Ralph Ward fra Thorpe Thewles anerkendte en gæld til Roger de Fulthorpe i 1346. (fn. 53) Herregårdens historie bliver klar igen med en frigivelse af den i 1346 til denne Roger de Fulthorpe fra Maud enke efter Nicholas Gower fra Skutterskelfe. (fn. 54) Roger var herre over Tunstall i sognet Stranton. Han lejede jord i Thorpe Thewles af Prior of Finchale i 1375–6, (fn. 55) og mistede herregården i 1388 blandt sine andre jorder. Det blev bevilget i 1389 til hans søn William, (fn. 56) og fulgte nedstigningen af ​​Tunstall indtil 1462, da Thomas Fulthorpe bosatte det for livet på Elizabeths hustru til Richard Conyers og efterfølgende til Robert Pilkington. (fn. 57) Ved hendes død i 1507 (fn. 58) overgik det til Philippa kone til Richard Booth, Joan kone til William Constable, døtre til Thomas Fulthorpe og Ralph Radclyffe søn af hans datter Isabel. (fn. 59)

Andelen af ​​Philippa faldt til hendes søn Ralph, (fn. 60), der havde to døtre og medarvinger Anne og Joan.

Anne blev gift med Thomas Fulthorpe, og Joan giftede sig med George Smith, af hvem hun efterlod en datter og arving Anne kone til John Swinburn fra Chopwell. (fn. 61) Fulthorpes frigav tilsyneladende deres krav, og John Swinburn kom i besiddelse af denne tredjedel af herregården. Han opnåede en frigivelse, der ansøgte i form om hele herregården, fra Francis Constable i 1566. (fn. 62) Hos sin attainder i 1570 var John Swinburn i besiddelse af en tredje, som følgelig overgik til kronen. (fn. 63) Lejer af den blev foretaget i rækkefølge til John Watson, Roger Rante, John Warde, Thomas Holford og Edward Shelton. (fn. 64) I 1611 blev det ydet i vederlag til John Eldred og William Whitmore, (fn. 65) 'fiskestøttere', mod hvem det i 1620 blev hævdet af Christopher Fulthorpe som oldebarn og arving til Thomas Fulthorpe og Anne Booth. (fn. 66) Resultatet af sagen kendes ikke, men i 1629 (fn. 67) blev jord her og andre steder solgt af Christopher Fulthorpe og hans hustru Mary til Sir William Blakiston i Blakiston, i Hurworth, overhoved for en familie, som i århundreder havde langsomt akkumuleret en ejendomsret her. I 1339 lykkedes William Blakiston for et budskab og en oxgang (fn. 68) i 1424 havde en anden William Blakiston et budskab, 10 acres og 2 stænger. (fn. 69) John Blakiston døde i januar 1586–7 beslaglagt af et budskab, et sommerhus og 60 hektar jord her. (fn. 70) De overgik under hans testamente til hans søn William, (fn. 71), der ved sit ægteskab med datteren og medarving til William Claxton fra Wynyard (fn. 72) erhvervede en lille ejendomsret i Thorpe Thewles, som havde tilhørte den familie. (fn. 73) Blakistons kan også have erhvervet Finchale -landområderne i Thorpe Thewles, som ellers ikke er redegjort for. (fn. 74) I 1616 solgte Sir Thomas Blakiston en del af sin ejendom her til John Shaw, der i 1603 havde skaffet Andrew Davison og Janet hans kone en transport af jord her og i Carlton og Whitton. (fn. 75) I 1623 bestod hans ejendom af 160 acres og var £ 60 om året værd. (fn. 76) I 1634 overbragte han alle sine 'lande kaldet Thorpe Thewles' til Alexander Davison, som to år senere blev benådet for at have erhvervet ham 3 meddelelser 4 tofts og 300 acres. (fn. 77) Jord her med en leje på £ 80 blev udskilt blandt Davisons 'ejendomme i 1645, (fn. 78) og John Davison fra Blakiston var blandt ejerne i 1684. (fn. 79) Thomas og Musgrave Davison formidlede jord her og i Seaton Carew til John Porrett i 1715. (fn. 80) En privat handling opnået i 1718–19 befriede dette land fra brugen af ​​ægteskabsforliget med Thomas Davison og i bytte gav Porrett til Davison Thorpe -skove og Fulthorpe -skove i Grindon, som var blevet solgt til ham af Thomas Davison, far til lejeren. (fn. 81) I 1740 og 1741 bevilgede Thomas Davison og Mary hans kone en leje på £ 100 fra 'herregården i Thorpe Thewles' til Richard Irland i en årrække. (fn. 82) I 1776 var ejendommen i Thorpe Thewles kommet i besiddelse af Tempest of Wynyard, med hvilken ejendom den kom til Marquess of Londonderry, den vigtigste grundejer i 1834. (fn. 83)

Andelen i herregården, der var i besiddelse af Joan kone til William Constable, overgik til hendes barnebarn Francis Constable fra Caythorpe i Rudston (Yorks.). (fn. 84) Han ser ud til at have solgt den til et medlem af familien Kendal, (fn. 85) sandsynligvis William Kendal, der blev beskrevet som af Thorpe Thewles i 1575. (fn. 86) Williams barnebarn John Kendal (fn. . 87) was probably the freeholder of that name who took part in the partition of the common fields about 1600 and made a conveyance of lands here to William Watson in 1634. (fn. 88) John's son Anthony was in possession of land here in 1666, (fn. 89) his son William in 1684. (fn. 90) William had a son and heir George, buried at Grindon in 1718, (fn. 91) but the later history of this estate is uncertain. It may have been bought up by the Davison family.

Kendal. Party bendwise indented argent and sable.

Ralph Radcliffe's share in the manor was inherited by his daughter and heir Margaret, who married Brian Palmes, attainted in 1569. (fn. 92) This third passed like Swinburn's to the Crown, but Christopher Radcliffe was the tenant in 1569 and Roger Radcliffe, Margaret's cousin, was allowed to succeed in 1581. (fn. 93) He seems to have sold it to Nicholas Tweddell, who was a freeholder in 1600, (fn. 94) and died in 1607 in possession of 300 acres of arable land, meadow and moor held in chief by knight's service. (fn. 95) Robert Tweddell, his brother and heir, (fn. 96) conveyed a third of the manor in February 1621–2 to his brother Francis. (fn. 97) Francis' son Francis was described as of Thorpe Thewles in 1656 and 1673, (fn. 98) and Robert, younger son of the younger Francis, had land here in 1684. (fn. 99) His nephew George made a settlement of his estate in Thorpe Thewles in 1724. (fn. 100) The late history of this portion of the estate is unknown.

The lands of Finchale Priory in Thorpe Thewles included the 3 oxgangs which Geoffrey de Thorpe granted to his sister Maud. (fn. 101) With her husband William de Stotfold she granted them to Stephen de Elwick, clerk, (fn. 102) who conveyed them to the priory. (fn. 103) John de Thorpe granted 3 oxgangs, Robert de Minsterton 3 oxgangs, and Alan de Thorpe 8 acres. (fn. 104) The prior had a manor-house here, frequently mentioned in the accounts of the priory. (fn. 105) In 1495 this manor of Thorpe Thewles was granted to Henry Bowes and Eleanor his wife for thirty years in exchange for land in Monkwearmouth and elsewhere. (fn. 106) In 1521 all the prior's lands here were finally exchanged for Sir William and Sir John Bulmer's lands in Durham and Monkwearmouth. (fn. 107) It has already been suggested that these lands ultimately came into the hands of the Blakistons.

There was a mill at Thorpe Thewles in the 13th century, (fn. 108) and a water-mill here is mentioned in 1570. (fn. 109) In 1857 there was a flour-mill.

Nine oxgangs in WHITTON (Witton, Wytton, xii cent.) were granted by Bishop Hugh Pudsey (1153–95) to Sherburn Hospital by its foundation charter. (fn. 110) Seven of these had been purchased from Alberic and Geoffrey son of Richard, and the other two formed the endowment of the chapel of the vill. Geoffrey de Whitton made a grant to the church of Grindon of 2 oxgangs here, in return for the 9 marks given him by Bishop Hugh for his journey to Jerusalem. He also confirmed to the church 2 oxgangs which Alberic had held of him and had given. (fn. 111) These 4 oxgangs were probably part of the holding already granted by the bishop. Between 1245 and 1269 William de Hamsterley gave to the hospital a piece of land 48 ft. by 18 ft. next his capital messuage of Whitton, between the land of Hugh de Cliveland and the land of John son of Libya. (fn. 112) Lands of the hospital in Whitton were held on lease in 1617 by John Buckle. (fn. 113) In 1717 its estate here consisted of three holdings, each rented at £2 11s. 8d. (fn. 114) The hospital still has an estate here.

Robert son of Adam de Whitton, who witnessed the charter of William de Hamsterley, and also a charter of William de Thorpe to Finchale Priory, (fn. 115) was possibly the ancestor of Thomas Adamson of Whitton, mentioned in 1400. (fn. 116) In 1418 land here was held by the Blakistons of Anne widow of Thomas Adamson. (fn. 117) Her heirs held this lordship in 1468 and 1483, (fn. 118) and in 1533 it belonged to Roger Kirkman. (fn. 119) In or about 1598 Roger Kirkman died seised of a messuage or cottage and 70 acres in Whitton, leaving an heir Thomas Kirkman. (fn. 120) The later descent of this holding cannot be traced.

The Blakistons' land here followed the descent of their manor of Blakiston till 1533 at least. (fn. 121) It may have passed to Robert Ayton, who in 1539 granted land here to Thomas Chipchase. (fn. 122) Thomas had a son Robert, grandson Thomas and great-great-grandson Thomas Chipchase. (fn. 123) The last-named Thomas died in 1763. His sister and co-heir Anne, with her husband John Metcalf and George Atkinson, son of her sister Elizabeth, conveyed the estate in 1764 to Edward Davison of Durham, whose son Edward, a clerk in Holy Orders, was holding it in 1823. (fn. 124)

William Watson of Thorpe Thewles and Elizabeth his wife had acquired land here, the extent of which is not known, from Sir William Gascoigne in January 1609–10. (fn. 125) They conveyed two messuages and 200 acres of land, meadow and pasture in Whitton to Roger Tocketts in 1614 for a term of 60 years. (fn. 126) The freeholders of the vill in 1684 were Anthony Watson, William Watson, Thomas Davison, Thomas Chipchase and Thomas Buckle. (fn. 127)

The earliest known owners of the manor of WYNYARD (Wyneiard, xiii cent. Wynhyard, xiv cent.), which was held in chief for half a knight's fee, (fn. 128) were the family of Chapel or Capella. Robert de Capella witnessed a charter of the time of Bishop Pudsey (1153–95) and answered for half a knight's fee in the bishopric, 'of new feoffment,' in 1166. (fn. 129) Hugh de Capella and Robert his son witnessed a charter concerning land in Thorpe Thewles in the early 13th century. (fn. 130) This was perhaps the Hugh who in 1237 was disputing possession of the vill of Wynyard with Randolf de Fishburn. (fn. 131) A later Hugh, who lived in the reign of Edward I, and was perhaps the Sir Hugh de Chapell living here in 1264, (fn. 132) is said to have had five daughters and co-heirs, Cecily wife of Richard Dalden, Laderancia wife of Peter Wykes, and Orfanca, Elizabeth, and Amice. (fn. 133) His widow Joan married as a second husband John de Denthorpe, who had the wardship of two of the daughters and secured for himself various lands in the manor. (fn. 134) These he gave in 1283 to Sir Henry de Lisle, who also acquired Redmarshall. (fn. 135) Henry's heir was his brother John, (fn. 136) who had a grant of Laderancia's share of the manor from her husband Peter Wykes, and gave all his land here to his daughter Katherine, wife of Alan de Langton. (fn. 137) Alan was described as lord of Wynyard in 1311, when his wife Katherine was still living. (fn. 138) It appears that she was dead in the next year, for Alan de Langton granted to his son Henry all the lands in Wynyard which he held for life, receiving in return an annuity of 10 lbs. of silver and an undertaking that Henry would support him with one servant at Wynyard. (fn. 139) Henry with Margery his wife had a grant of a fourth part of the manor in 1316 from Roger Fulthorpe and Alice his wife. (fn. 140) This, which was evidently one of the shares of the Capella heiresses, Roger and Alice had acquired from Philip de Cuylly. (fn. 141) In 1328 Henry Langton had a release of the manor from John son of John de Lisle, (fn. 142) whose heir he was found to be in 1342. (fn. 143) With his son William de Langton Henry obtained a grant of free warren in Wynyard in 1345. (fn. 144) The manor at that date was held by Henry for life with remainder in tail to William, (fn. 145) who, however, came into full possession before his father's death. He died seised in or about 1349, his heir apparently being his brother John, who paid a fine for relief in that year. (fn. 146) John Langton was dead in November 1350. (fn. 147) The manor of Wynyard is not mentioned in his inquisition, but it appears that it reverted on his death to his father Henry. (fn. 148) In 1351 Henry Langton had licence to grant to another son Simon and Alice his wife land in the vill of Wynyard. (fn. 149) Simon died seised of the manor in or about 1379, (fn. 150) leaving a son Thomas, aged thirteen. (fn. 151) In 1433 Thomas Langton granted the manor to John Drawles and Thomas Tracy for settlement on his wife Sybil for her life. (fn. 152) She died in possession in 1438, when the next heir was Sybil daughter of William Langton, brother of Thomas. (fn. 153) The younger Sybil married Sir Roger Conyers, a younger son of the Conyers of Hornby, (fn. 154) and had a son and heir William. (fn. 155) Sybil, daughter and heir of William, married Ralph Claxton, who died in 1524 holding the manor in right of his wife. (fn. 156) He left a son and heir Ralph, (fn. 157) who settled Wynyard in January 1542–3 on his son William and Margery his wife and their issue. (fn. 158) William did homage for the manor in or about 1578, (fn. 159) and died in 1597, leaving as his heirs his daughters Alice and Anne, married respectively to William Blakiston and William Jennison, and Cassandra wife of Lancelot Claxton, and afterwards of Francis Marley, daughter of an elder daughter Elizabeth, who had married Josias Lambert. (fn. 160) The manor had been settled on these heirs in 1595. (fn. 161)

Langton of Wynyard. Argent a lion sable and a border gules engrailed.

All three shares were acquired during the first half of the 17th century by Alexander Davison. In 1629 William Jennison and his son Henry conveyed to him their third. (fn. 162) In the same year he had a grant of another third from Sir Thomas Blakiston bart., son of Alice and William, and Ralph Blakiston his heir. (fn. 163) The third share had been granted in March 1609–10 by Cassandra Claxton and her second husband Francis Marley to William Jennison, (fn. 164) who after conveying certain lands here to Edward Ewbank (fn. 165) and John his son in 1621 and 1627, settled it on his daughter Elizabeth, on her marriage with Henry Liddell. (fn. 166) In 1633 Henry Liddell and Elizabeth, with Thomas son and heir apparent of Henry, granted it to Alexander Davison. (fn. 167) Davison also acquired two messuages and 320 acres of meadow, pasture and moorland in 1629 from John Ewbank and Philadelphia his wife. (fn. 168)

Davison. Or a fesse wavy between six cinqfoils gules.

Tempest. Argent a bend engrailed between six martlets sable.

Stewart, Marquess of Londonderry. Or a bend checky argent and azure between two lions gules.

Wynyard was sequestered among the lands of Alexander Davison and his son Thomas in 1644. (fn. 169) Thomas had a son Alexander, to whose younger son Alexander Wynyard is said to have passed. (fn. 170) In 1723 it was conveyed by Alexander Davison, son, according to Surtees, (fn. 171) of the last-named Alexander, to George Vane and John Morland. (fn. 172) This conveyance was perhaps in trust for a sale to Thomas Rudd, who is said to have purchased the manor from Alexander. (fn. 173) Land in the manor was conveyed by Thomas Davison of Norton to Thomas Rudd in 1737. (fn. 174) Thomas Rudd sold his estate to John Tempest (fn. 175) of Painshaw (q.v.), and it has passed with that property to the Marquess of Londonderry.

A mill at Wynyard is mentioned in 1549. (fn. 176)

CHURCHES

The church of ST. THOMAS OF CANTERBURY is now in ruins. With the exception of the east end the walls stand their full height, but the roofs have entirely disappeared, and since the erection of the new church in the village in 1848 the building has been neglected and exposed to the weather. It consists of a chancel 23 ft. 6 in. by 16 ft. 6 in., with chapel on the south side 10 ft. 10 in. by 11 ft., nave 50 ft. 4 in. by 21 ft. 6 in., and south porch 9 ft. by 7 ft., these measurements being internal. There was also a bell-turret, containing two bells, over the west gable.

The oldest part of the structure is the chancel arch and part of the walls of the chancel, which are of 12th-century date, but the church was rebuilt, apparently on the old plan, by Bishop Pudsey at the end of the same century, and the whole of the nave is of this date, its style being distinctly Transitional. The chapel on the south side of the chancel was added in the 14th century probably for a chantry, but was known later as the Fulthorpe porch. In 1788 the church was 'nearly rebuilt' and the lead of the roof replaced by slate. (fn. 177) The porch appears to be an addition or rebuilding of this time, when new windows were inserted at the east end of the nave walls and the chancel largely reconstructed.

The chancel arch still stands and is semicircular in form, of a single square order without hood mould, springing from chamfered imposts which run back some distance along the wall at each side. The north wall of the chancel is refaced with 2-in. brick on the outside, or may have been rebuilt in 1788, the old stone being re-used on the inside. The jambs of the north window, however, appear to be old. The greater part of the east wall has been destroyed, but the south-east corner remains and shows the same brick facing. There have been two steps up to the altar pace, but no ancient ritual arrangements remain. The old altar slab of Tees marble is now in the church at Thorpe Thewles. On the south side, now opening into the chapel, is an original small round-headed window with wide internal splay, to the east of which is a two-light square-headed opening inserted when the chapel was erected, or shortly afterwards. The chapel is separated from the chancel by a pointed arch of two chamfered orders dying into the wall at the springing, and is built of rubble masonry, the walls being about 8 ft. 6 in. high. The piscina remains in the usual position in the south wall, and the east window is of three trefoiled lights. On the south side is a two-light window the head and mullion of which are gone, and on the west a single-light opening with ogee head in one stone.

The nave is built of large squared stones in courses and has two original lancet windows on the south side, one on the north, and another at the west end. The heads are all in two stones and without hood moulds, and the openings are 14 in. wide. The two later windows at the east end of the north and south walls probably take the place of former lancets, and in the south-east angle is an arched brick recess which formed the fireplace of the 18th-century Wynyard pew. The south doorway has a pointed arch of two moulded orders and hood mould, the outer order springing from angle shafts with carved capitals and bases, and the inner continued to the ground. One of the shafts is gone, but the doorway, the detail of which is very good, is in a fair state of preservation. The square-headed north doorway is now built up. The porch, like the rest of the building, is roofless, and the lower part of the bell-turret alone remains.

In the churchyard, to the south-east of the building, is a stone coffin and a mediaeval grave slab, on which the name 'Roger de Fulthorp' is visible. It probably was originally in the Fulthorpe porch.

The new church of the HOLY TRINITY, erected at Thorpe Thewles in 1848, was subsequently taken down and replaced by the present building, dedicated to the honour of ST. JAMES, in 1886–7. (fn. 178) It is of stone, in the style of the 13th century, and consists of chancel, nave, south porch, and west tower and spire. The tower contains one bell, cast by Taylor of Loughborough, in 1887. (fn. 179)

The plate consists of a chalice and paten of 1886, given in the following year by Miss Parkin two pewter plates, one inscribed 'Bought for y e use of Grindon Church 1724. R. C. and J. R. Chu h W.' and a pewter flagon with the mark of Edmund Harvey of London. (fn. 180)

The registers begin in 1655.

A new church school was built in 1899.

ADVOWSON

The church of Grindon, described as then newly built in honour of St. Thomas the Martyr, was given by Bishop Hugh Pudsey to Sherburn Hospital at the foundation of that house, (fn. 181) to which it seems to have been at once appropriated. Mention of a vicar occurs in 1194. (fn. 182) The governors of Sherburn Hospital sold the patronage in 1858 to the 6th Marquess of Londonderry, whose descendant the present Marquess now owns it. (fn. 183)

There was a chapel at Whitton about 1184, when land attached to it was granted to Sherburn Hospital, (fn. 184) and one in Wynyard in 1312, when Henry de Langton, lord of Wynyard, undertook to find two chaplains to celebrate for the soul of Henry de Lisle, one in the church of Grindon, the other in the chapel within the manor of Wynyard. (fn. 185) Neither of these chapels is again mentioned.

CHARITIES

In 1816 George Fleetham, by a codicil to his will, bequeathed £80, the dividends arising therefrom to be applied in schooling, clothing, or apprenticing of four poor children under the age of fourteen years residing in the township of Thorpe Thewles. The legacy is now represented by £88 11s. consols with the official trustees, the dividends of which, amounting to £2 4s. yearly, are applied in small rewards to school children to encourage attendance at the Grindon National Schools, Thorpe Thewles.

The Burton Holgate Grindon Church charity, for the promotion of religious education in the parochial schools and for the distribution of religious literature, was founded by the Rev. William Cassidi by deed, dated 7 January 1876, to perpetuate the memory of the Rev. Thomas Burton Holgate, formerly vicar of Bishopton. The trust funds are invested in stock of the North Eastern Railway Company and consols held by the official trustees. By an order of the Charity Commissioners of 4 February 1907 the stock was apportioned to the educational foundation and the endowment of the church charity. (fn. 186)


The Ricketts Reunion


USS Ricketts (DE-254), a destroyer escort, was laid down 16 March 1943 by Brown Shipbuilding Co., Houston, Tex. launched 10 May 1943 sponsored by Mrs. Milton E. Ricketts widow of Lieutenant Ricketts and commissioned 5 October 1943 at Houston, Lt. Comdr. Glenn L. Rollins, USCG, in command.

Ricketts sailed from New York 22 February 1944 on the first of 12 escort voyages to Northern Europe and back. She saw a burst of flame in the convoy at 2035 on the stormy night of 25 February. Two merchant tankers, El Coston og Murfreesboro had collided, and both ships were badly damaged and burning. Ricketts snatched 33 survivors from the sea, which was covered with blazing gasoline. Her commanding officer was awarded the Bronze Star for his part in this daring rescue, and two other officers and six enlisted men received the Navy and Marine Corps Medal.

The USS Ricketts doesn't really have anything to do with Ricketts, Iowa- but the rest of this website does! If you grew up in Ricketts, be sure to plan on coming to our annual reunion, the third Saturday in July. If you have memories or pictures of Ricketts to share, email them to our webmaster: ted.mallory -at- gmail.com

If you have other funny, kitsch, or corny "Not the same Ricketts" ideas, send them too. Help put Ricketts on the map!


John Steinbeck: Ed Ricketts

John Steinbeck knew Ed Ricketts for eighteen years, first meeting him in a dentist’s waiting room in October 1930, although John has, over the years, given different versions of where they met. Wherever it was, a deep and trusting friendship evolved that shaped both their lives, and certainly helped make Steinbeck the writer he became.

Ed Ricketts, a marine biologist, was bor n in Chicago in 1897 (john was born in 1902 in California), and grew up with a younger sister and brother. According to his sister he “…had a mind like a dictionary and was often in trouble for correcting teachers.” When he left school (college), in 1917, he became something of a hobo, eventually getting home just in time to be drafted into the army, where he served in the army medical corps, and was, according to Steinbeck, a fine soldier. After military service he studied zoology at the University of Chicago, leaving without a degree, choosing instead to walk to Florida, hitching lifts. His wrote up his adventures, which were published in Rejse magasin. He then went back to university for a while, got married, had a child, and with his wife, Anna, moved to California, and with Albert E. Galigher set up the Pacific Biological Laboratories - in Monterey - of which, after a few years, he became the sole owner, employing his father to help run the business. Two more children (daughters) came along, and then (at the dentists?) he met John Steinbeck.

From that moment the lives of the two men changed, as John has written:

“ Knowing Ed Ricketts was instant. After the first moment I knew him, and for the next eighteen years I knew him better than I knew anyone, and perhaps I did not know him at all. Maybe it was that way with all of his friends. He was different from anyone and yet so like that everyone found himself in Ed, and that might be one of the reasons his death had such an impact. It wasn’t Ed who had died but a large and important part of oneself.”

When Steinbeck first knew Ed his laboratory was an old building in Cannery Row, which he’d transformed, with the entrance “…a kind of showroom with mounted marine specimens in glass jars on shelves around the walls.”

It was kind of ramshackle and smelly and dusty, with papers stacked everywhere: it resembled the kind of person he had always been: ever so slightly bohemian and on the verge of taking off somewhere else. As Steinbeck writes:

“ Ed believed completely in the theory that a letter unanswered for a week usually requires no answer, but he went further. A letter unopened for a month does not require opening.”

It was probably Steinbeck who kept him there. It couldn’t have been the white rats that Ed kept in cages, all multiplying like…well, like white rats. It was certainly the work, the making and mounting “…and baking…” the delicate microorganisms, the results of which brought in the lab’s income. His work was precise and learned: he was an expert in his field, and Steinbeck loved experts, wanted to learn their skills, and that was the case with Ed, who became something of a brother for John, as he probably did for Ed. They looked alike too, and Steinbeck wasn’t that fond of paperwork either, other than a novel in progress. As Steinbeck has suggested, they saw each other in each other.

Then came the fire (an electrical fault somewhere) with most of Cannery Row destroyed. All that was left of Ed’s lab was a safe, a typewriter, and Ed’s car, even his clothes had gone, although he didn’t have too many of those. Steinbeck describes the aftermath of the fire:

“ After the ashes had cooled, there was the safe lying on its side in the basement where it had fallen when the floor above gave way. It must have been an excellent safe, for when we opened it we found half a pineapple pie, a quarter of a pound of Gorgonzola cheese, and an open can of sardines — all of them except the sardines in good condition. The sardines were a little dry. Ed admired that safe and used to refer to it with affection.”

Ed, along with the rest of Cannery Row who’d been affected by the fire, took the power company to court. What struck Ed was that the idea of objective truth went out of the open windows of the court house as each side presented their own truth as det truth. Ed had never thought about that before. In his lab he sought and found the objective truth: the reason for the death of a species, and the increase in another. He lost interest in the trial and got on rebuilding the lab, with the safe given pride of place.

We see Ed in all of Steinbeck’s writing after The Grapes of Wrath. John’s growing dry sense of humour starts to occupy his work, and not just Cannery Row, but all of his work, including Øst for Eden. His ability to incorporate that humour amongst his increased attention to detail, has grown amidst the devastation and the mess of our lives (Ed’s overflowing desk and the white rats) which Steinbeck tackles head on.

I believe all of this came to a head during the marine exploration that John and Ed made in the ’30s, in the Western Flyer,which resulted in the now famous writing collaboration, The Log from the “Sea of Cortez”, which is highly literary, yet wonderfully scientific. You can tell that John was having the time of his life, as Ed must have. You can see the empty fish (and beer) cans strewn across the cabin floor.

When Steinbeck moved to New York the two men saw less and less of each other, and in 1948 there was bad news for John.

There’s no better way of describing what happened than to quote at length from John’s About Ed Ricketts:

“ Just about dusk one day in April 1948 Ed Ricketts stopped work in the laboratory in Cannery Row. He covered his instruments and put away his papers and filing cards. He rolled down the sleeves of his wool shirt and put on the brown coat which was slightly small for him and frayed at the elbows.

“ He wanted a steak for dinner and he knew just the market in New Monterey where he could get a fine one, well hung and tender.

“ He went out into the street that is officially named Ocean View Avenue and is known as Cannery Row. His old car stood at the gutter, a beat-up sedan. The car was tricky and hard to start. He needed a new one but could not afford it at the expense of other things.

“ Ed tinkered away at the primer until the ancient rusty motor coughed and broke into a bronchial chatter which indicated that it was running. Ed meshed the jagged gears and moved away up the street.

“ He turned up the hill where the road crosses the Southern Pacific Railways track. It was almost dark, or rather that kind of mixed light and dark which makes it very difficult to see. Just before the crossing the road takes a sharp climb. Ed shifted to second gear, the noisiest gear, to get up the hill. The sound of his motor and gears blotted out every other sound. A corrugated iron warehouse was on his left, obscuring any sight of the right of way.

“ The Del Monte Express, the evening train from San Francisco, slipped around from behind the warehouse and crashed into the old car. The cowcatcher buckled in the side of the automobile and pushed and ground and mangled it a hundred yards up the track before the train stopped.”

Ed was badly crushed but still alive when a doctor arrived and asked Ed how he was. Ed didn’t know. He lasted a couple of days, living off his strength and vitality, and then within a moment died.

John Steinbeck was shattered.

I believe it was Steinbeck that gave Ed that strength and vitality, and a will to live, to live for his kids and his wife, and his lab, and the folks in Cannery Row. To stay put and not wander off like a hobo again.

In Steinbeck’s Cannery Row, the character of Doc (based on Ed) has been reading.

“ Doc closed the book. He could hear the waves beat under the piles and he could hear the scampering of white rats against the wire. He went into the kitchen and felt the cooling water in the sink. He ran hot water into it…”

Bibliografi

Thomas Fensch (Editor) — Conversations with John Steinbeck (University Press of Mississippi, Jackson & London, 1988) John Steinbeck — Journal of a Novel: The East of Eden Letters (Viking Press & Penguin Books, New York & London, 1969–1990) Jay Parini — John Steinbeck: A Biography (Heinemann, London, 1994) Jackson J. Benson — The True Adventures of John Steinbeck, Writer (Penguin Books, New York & London, 1984–1990) John Steinbeck — Once There Was a War (Viking Press, New York, 1958 & Penguin Books, New York & London, 1977) John Steinbeck: America and Americans ( Edited by Susan Shillinglaw & Jackson J. Benson, Penguin Books, New York & London, 2003) John Steinbeck: A Life in Letters (Edited by Elaine Steinbeck & Robert Wallsten, Viking Press, New York, 1975, Penguin Books, USA & London, 1976, Penguin Classics, London, 2001) John Steinbeck: Travels with Charley (The Viking Press, New York, 1962 & Penguin Books, New York & London, 1980, 1997, & in Penguin Classics, 2000) The Fiction of John Steinbeck (The Viking & Penguin Books) John Steinbeck: A Russian Journal, with Photos by Robert Capa ( The Viking Press, New York, 1948 & Penguin Classic, New York & London, 1999 & 2000) John Steinbeck: Bombs Away: The Story of a Bomber Team (The Viking Press, New York, 1943 & Paragon House, New York, 1990) Carlos Baker: Ernest Hemingway — A Life Story (Wm. Collins Sons, London, 1969) Arthur Miller: Timebends — An Autobiography (Methuen, London, 1999)


Monday, May 14, 2007

Some historic photos

If you think that Ricketts is a small town NOW, just take a look at what Main Street ORIGINALLY looked like, facing South.

Here's Hugo Ricks and Nick Dryfus working for Dray Line freight. Bet they'd give UPS or FedEx a run for their money!

Presidential candidates Barack Obama, Hillary Clinton, John Edwards, Mitt Romney, John McCain. yeah, they haven't bothered campaigning in Ricketts yet- but hey, back when the town was only 11 years old and had a population of 102 (not counting surrounding farms) the Governor of Iowa itself came and paid us a visit. Suppose the town of Carroll was named for him?

You named it WHAT?

Family portraits of some of the founding residents (and possibly name sakes). Left, the Henry Ricks family. Right, George Sciford's family.

The folks who put together the 75th Jubilee history book back in 1974 weren't sure how the town of Ricketts got it's name exactly. The Chicago Northwestern Rail Road said only that it was named for an early settler. So why isn't there anyone around here named Ricketts today? Some people think that it was just named for some guy who worked for the railroad.

Turns out it was supposed to be named "Sciford" after the family who sold the land on which the town was built, but Mr. Sciford didn't like that idea and told the town fathers to find something else.

Some say that a bachelor farmer who lived east of town is said to have been the first to have plowed up the prairie around these parts. His name was Ricketts and he died just about the time Sciford declined the honor, so they named the town for him. That would explain why there are not Ricketts families around today.

One last theory was that the Railroad had originally meant to build the depot near the farm of one Henry Ricks (later changed to Rix). They instead built it a mile West but somehow his name sort of became the towns name.

Whatever the reason, they're stuck with it now. One nice thing is that even though nobody named Ricketts lives here, back in 1999 as part of the town's centennial people with the last name of Ricketts from all over the United States held their first NATIONAL family reunion. All kinds of folks, presumably at least vaguely related came from all over and made friends here in "the middle of nowhere."

May 10, 1899

The Ricketts Depot of the NorthWestern Rail Road c. 1906?

I pulled this from the Rickett's 75th Jubilee book, so it's originally from either the Charter Oak Times or Schleswig Leader, but I'm not sure which- May 10th, 1899--- Town of Ricketts--- May 11th Town of Schleswig. These towns will have a railroad soon and are good openings for all kinds of businessess and professions. These towns are in the midst of the best, richest and most prosperous farming districts in Western Iowa.

Men's underwear 19¢
Men's solid leather boots $1.48
Ladies' Oxfords 42¢
Baby shoes for 29¢

Jacob Dieber died of a nose bleed at the age of 33


En amerikansk familiehistorie

Martha Wilson Ricketts was born on March 15, 1760 in Maryland. Her parents were Robert Wilson and Mary Douglas.

Thomas Ricketts was born on November 23, 1753 in Elizabethtown, Frederick (then Montgomery) County, Maryland which is now Hagerstown, Washington County. His parents may have been Anthony and Mary Ricketts.

Thomas and his brother, Edward Ricketts, were captains in 1779 in the fighting at Frankstown and the lead mines. Edward, Thomas and Robert were rangers on the frontier with the Bedford County Militia 1778-1783

Thomas had been married before to Ruth Adamson. They married in 1778. She was born July 10, 1758 in Montgomery County, Maryland. Her parents were John Adamson and Polly Spires.

Thomas and Ruth's children were born in Montgomery County, Maryland:
Hezekiah Ricketts (1779, married Sarah Collier) and
Mary Ricketts Roberts (1781, married William Roberts).

At the time of the 1790 census, the Thomas Ricketts family was in Montgomery County, Maryland. The household consisted of

a man over 16 ( Thomas),
two boys under 16 (?, Hezekiah),
and two females (Martha, Mary).

Elizabeth Ricketts Crump (January 13, 1791, married John Crump),
Thomas G. Ricketts (September 20, 1792),
Robert Wilson Ricketts (August 21, 1794),
Margaret Ricketts Baker (October 1, 1796),

In about 1797, they moved to Jessamine County, Kentucky.

Nancy Ricketts (March 13, 1799),
Benjamin Franklin Ricketts (July 29, 1801),
Martha Ricketts Davis (August 10, 1804, married William Davis) and
John Douglas Ricketts (December 11, 1806).

Thomas Rickets appeared on the 1800 tax list of Jessamine County.

Thomas wrote his will on January 6, 1827 and died August 22, 1828 in Jessamine, Kentucky.

In 1830 Martha Rickets appeared as the head of household in Jessamine, Kentucky. The household consisted of a woman between 70 and 79, and a man between 20 and 29. They had a young man enslaved.

In 1850, 90 year old, Martha was living with her daughter Martha Davis' family in Jessamine County.

About 1715 English, Scottish and German settlers found their way to the Montgomery County, Maryland areal. It was officially established from Charles, Prince George's, and Frederick counties in 1776.

John Adams, Jr. (1735-1826) was the second President of the United States (1797–1801), the first Vice President (1789–1797).

Jessamine County, Kentucky Will Book Abstracts
Thomas Ricketts, Last Will & Testament
- 6 Jan 1827
Martha Ricketts, wife
My children, to wit, Hezekiah Rickets, my three daugthers Betsy, Peggy and Nancy, my daughter Patsey, my son, John
My daughter Polly Roberts
Sons Thomas, Robert, Benjamin and John Rickets, a certain tract of land in Clark County, Indiana
Executors: sons Thomas Ricketts and Benjamin Ricketts
Witnesses: John H. Soper, Henry Webber, James Soper

1783 Assessment, Montgomery County, Maryland

John Adamson. Montgomery County, Lower Newfoundland, Rock Creek, and North West Hundred, p. 1. Maryland State Archives S 1161-8-2 1/4/5/51

Kentucky: A History of the State, Battle, Perrin, & Kniffin, 5th ed., 1887,

William Davis, son of Henry B. Davis, passed the early portion of his life on the old place and then began farming in Madison County. Subsequently he married Martha, daughter of Thomas Ricketts, and early settler from Maryland who located in Jessamine County and took up his residence on the old Ricketts homestead, where he passed an honorable and useful life as a farmer.

He was a consistent member of the Baptist Church and a man of integrity and uprightness of character. He died in 1875, aged seventy-five years his widow is still living at the age of eighty-two years, being a member of a family remarkable for longevity, her mother living to be ninety-two years of age and her brother, John Ricketts, being now eighty years of age.

Robert Wilson Ricketts was the most distinguished minister that has been connected with this Association. He was born in Maryland, Aug. 23, 1794. His parents emigrated to Jessamine county, Ky., when he was about three years old. Here he was raised up, receiving a limited common school education, and learning the trade of a gunsmith, by which he ultimately acquired a handsome property.

In 1815, he was married to Sally Williams Thomas, a grand-daughter of the distinguished Elder David Thomas of Virginia.

He professed conversion, and was baptized into the fellowship of Friendship church in Clark county, by W. Rash, about 1823. In 1830, he moved to Henry county, and gave his membership to the church at Newcastle, where he was licensed to preach, in 1833, and ordained to the ministry, the following year. For some years he was active and zealous in exhorting and persuaded sinners to repent and turn to the Lord, even leading his daughter forward for prayer, during a protracted meeting at Newcastle. In 1838, he moved his membership to Mt. Pleasant church in the same county, and thereby became connected with Sulphur Fork Association, of which he was chosen moderator, the same year. He also preached the introductory sermon before that body, three successive years. There was much excitement in the Association, on the subject of missions, during this period and Mr. Ricketts, who had spent the first seven years of his Christian life in one of the churches of Licking Association, took strong grounds against the benevolent institutions of the times.

He was a good preacher, for that day, a man of strong convictions, and a bold, persistent executor of his purposes. With such fitting qualifications, he naturally became the leader of the Antimissionary party, in his Association. The result was a schism in the body, in 1840, and the organization of Mt. Pleasant Association, of which Mr. Ricketts was generally moderator, from its constitution, to the close of his pilgrimage. Of course, after his connection with this fraternity, which was Antinomian in doctrine, as well as Antimissionery in policy, his ministerial labors were of little value to the cause of Christ. He was called to give an account of his stewardship, Jan. 1, 1856.

Of his children, the late Dillard Ricketts of Indiana was a prominent rail road man, and a large capitalist, and Luther Ricketts of Henry county, Ky., is a prominent citizen and a good business man.

A History of Kentucky Baptists from 1769 to 1885
by J. H. Spencer, Vol. II, 1886. (Mount Pleasant Association).

Frederick County, Maryland was created in 1748 from parts of Prince George's and Baltimore Counties. In 1776 it was divided into Washington, Montgomery and, Frederick Counties. In 1837 parts of Frederick and Baltimore Counties formed Carroll County.

Marriages of Jessamine County, Kentucky 1799-1850, compiled by Bill and Kathy Vockery, 1990.

Benjamin Ricketts to Rebecca Soper 26 Jan 1825 John H. Soper, bondsman returned 27 Jan. 1825 married by George G. Boon

Robert W. Ricketts to Sally W. Thomas 23 Jan 1816 John Thomas, bondsman returned 24 Jan 1816 married by John Metcalf, Methodist

Jonathan Baker to Margaret Ricketts 30 Jul 1824 Thomas Ricketts, bondsman returned 5 Aug 1824 married by George G. Boon

John Crump to Betsy Rickett 10 Nov 1810 William Roberts, bondsman Thomas & Martha Rickett, parents of bride, consent

Martin Davis to Nancy Ricketts 10 May 1819 Allen Fullelove, bondsman Thomas Ricketts, father of the bride, consent returned 13 May 1819 married by George C. Boon

William Davis to Martha Ricketts 17 Aug 1829 John D. Ricketts, bondsman John D. Ricketts, brother of the bride, consent returned 17 Aug 1829 married by H. J. Perrry

William Roberts to Mary Ricketts 10 Feb 1807 Thomas Ricketts, bondsman

Det Første Barbary -krig (1801–1805) was between the United States and the Barbary States of Tripoli and Algiers.

fra Kentucky Records, Early Wills and Marriages, Old Bible Records and Tombstone Inscriptions. Volume One, by Julia Spencer Ardery, 1926, pp 162-3.

Ægteskaber
William Davis and Martha Ricketts were married August 19, 1829.

Births
Thomas Ricketts, Sr., was born November 23, 1753.
Ruth Ricketts was born July 10, 1758.
Martha Wilson Ricketts was born March 15, 1760.
Elizabeth Ricketts, of Martha, was born January 15, 1791.
Thomas Ricketts, of Martha, was born September 20, 1792.
Robert W. Ricketts, of Martha, was born August 21, 1790.
Margaret Ricketts, of Martha, was born October 1, 1796.
Nancy Ricketts, of Martha, was born March 13, 1799.
Benjamin Ricketts, of Martha, was born July 29, 1801.
Hezekiah Ricketts, of Ruth, was born October 27, 1781.
Mary Ricketts, of Ruth, was born October 27, 1781.
Martha Ricketts, of Martha, was born August 10, 1804.
John D. Ricketts, of Martha, was born December 11, 1806.

William Davis, April 5, 1801.
Martha R. Davis, August 10, 1804.
Maranda A. Davis, June 16, 1830.
Thomas A. Davis, November 9, 1831.
Elizabeth M. Davis, March 10, 1833.
William M. Davis, April 15, 1835.
Robert W. Davis, November 22, 1836.
John P. Davis, May 2, 1839.
Luther A. Davis, March 30, 1841.

Dødsfald: Døde
Thomas Ricketts, August 22, 1828.
Elizabeth Ricketts Crump, August 10, 1829.
Hezekiah Ricketts, February 16, 1841.
Thomas Ricketts June, November 30, 1844.
Martha W. Ricketts, September 11, 1850.
Robert W. Ricketts, January 1, 1856.
Elizabeth M. Davis died January 6, 1860.
William M. Davis, died August 18, 1864.
William Davis, Sr., August 21, 1875.
Mary R. Roberts, February 4, 1863.
Margaret R. Baker, July 18, 1866.
Nancy R. Davis, July 3, 1873.
Martha Crews Ricketts, February 4, 1878.
Benjamin Ricketts, October 22, 1881.
Martha R. Davis, September 3, 1888.
John D. Ricketts, December 18, 1890.
Robert W. Davis, October 28, 1895.
Luther A. Davis, June 21, 1905.
Maranda A. Magee, March 19, 1897.
John P. Davis, March 30, 1911.

Kentucky was originally a Virginia county and included the lands west of the Appalachians. In 1780, it was divided into Fayette, Jefferson, and Lincoln counties. Kentucky officially became a state on June 1, 1792.


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