Jesse James

Jesse James

Jesse James blev født i Clay County, Missouri den 5. september 1847. Hans far forlod hjemmet som barn på jagt efter guld i Californien og vendte aldrig tilbage. Jessie og hans bror Frank James blev opdraget af deres mor, Zeralda James.

James -familien var ejere af slaver og støttede den konfødererede hær under den amerikanske borgerkrig. I 1862 etablerede William Quantrill et band af guerillakrigere. Jessie James sluttede sig til og andre medlemmer af banden omfattede Frank James, Cole Younger og James Younger.

Ud over at angribe unionstropper, stjal Quantrill Raiders også postbusser, myrdede tilhængere af Abraham Lincoln og forfulgte samfund i Missouri og Kansas, som Quantrill betragtede som anti-konfødererede. Banden fik også ry for at have myrdet medlemmer af Union Army, som banden havde taget til fange.

Den 21. august 1863 begik Quantrill Raiders en af ​​borgerkrigens værste grusomheder, da den angreb byen Lawrence. Under angrebet dræbte Quantrills bande 150 indbyggere og satte ild til over 180 bygninger.

Efter krigen blev Jessie og hans bror Frank James fredløse og etablerede en bande, der omfattede Jessie James, Bob Younger, Cole Younger, James Younger, Bill Chadwell, Clell Miller og Charlie Pitts.

Den 13. februar 1866 røvede banden en bank i Liberty, Missouri. I løbet af de næste par år deltog brødrene i tolv bankrøverier, syv togrøverier, fire etrinsrøverier og forskellige andre kriminelle handlinger. Under disse forbrydelser blev mindst elleve borgere dræbt af banden. Ud over deres hjemstat Missouri var de også aktive i West Virginia, Alabama, Arkansas, Iowa, Kansas og Minnesota.

Den 7. september 1876 forsøgte banden at røve First National Bank i Northfield, Minnesota. Under razziaen dræbte Jessie James kassereren, Lee Heywood. Medlemmer af byen besluttede at kæmpe tilbage, og de åbnede ild mod banden. Bill Chadwell, Clell Miller og Charlie Pitts blev dræbt, mens Bob Younger, Cole Younger og James Younger alle blev såret og taget til fange.

Jessie James og Frank James blev også såret, men det lykkedes at komme væk fra Northfield. Efter denne katastrofe besluttede Jessie at skjule sig. Jessie tog navnet J. D. Howard og lejede et hjem i Nashville, Tennessee. Han begyndte også at rekruttere en ny bande, der omfattede Robert Ford, Charlie Ford og Dick Liddel.

Den 8. oktober 1879 holdt Jessie James og hans bande Chicago & Alton Railroad i Glendale, Missouri og stjal $ 6.000. Dette blev efterfulgt af andre razziaer, i et i Blue Cut, Missouri, i september 1881 dræbte banden konduktøren og en pensionist. Guvernøren i Missouri, Thomas Crittenden, reagerede nu med at tilbyde en belønning på $ 10.000 for erobringen af ​​Jessie James.

Robert Ford, medlem af Jessie James -banden, kontaktede guvernør Crittenden og tilbød sine tjenester for at få denne belønning. Den 3. april 1882 besøgte Ford Jessie James i sit hjem, og da han stod på en stol for at rette et billede på væggen, skød han ham i baghovedet. Ford blev fundet skyldig i drab og dømt til døden. To timer senere blev han benådet af Crittenden og fik sin belønning.

Om morgenen den 3. april gik Jess og jeg, som sædvanligt, inden for morgenmad til centrum for papirerne. Vi kom til huset omkring klokken otte og satte os i forstuen. Jess sad med ryggen til mig og læste St. Louis -republikaneren. Jeg hentede Times, og det første, jeg så i store overskrifter, var historien om Dick Liddils overgivelse. Lige derefter kom fru James ind og sagde, at morgenmaden var klar. Ved siden af ​​mig var en stol med et sjal på, og så hurtigt som et blitz løftede jeg den og skubbede papiret under. Jess kunne ikke have set mig, men han rejste sig, gik hen til stolen, tog sjalet og smed det på sengen og tog papiret, gik ud i køkkenet. Jeg følte, at jiggen var oppe, men jeg fulgte med og satte mig ved bordet overfor Jess.

Fru James hældte kaffen ud og satte sig derefter i den ene ende af bordet. Jesse spredte papiret på bordet foran ham og begyndte at kigge overskrifterne. På en gang sagde Jess: "Hej, her. Dick Liddils overgivelse." Og han så over på mig med et blænd i øjnene.

"Unge mand, jeg troede, at du fortalte mig, at du ikke vidste, at Dick Liddil havde overgivet sig," sagde han.

Jeg fortalte ham, at jeg ikke vidste det.

"" Nå, "sagde han," det er meget mærkeligt. Han overgav sig for tre uger siden, og du var lige der i kvarteret. Det ser fisket ud. "

Han fortsatte med at stirre på mig, og jeg rejste mig og gik ind i forstuen. På et minut hørte jeg Jess skubbe stolen tilbage og gå hen til døren. Han kom smilende ind og sagde behageligt: ​​"Nå, Bob, det er i hvert fald i orden."

Med det samme flimrede hans egentlige formål i mit sind. Jeg vidste, at jeg ikke havde snydt ham. Det var han for skarp til. Han vidste i samme øjeblik som jeg, at jeg var der for at forråde ham. Men han ville ikke dræbe mig i nærværelse af sin kone og børn. Han gik hen til sengen og spændte bevidst sit bælte af med fire revolvere i og smed det på sengen. Det var første gang i mit liv, jeg havde set ham uden det bælte på, og jeg vidste, at han smed det af for yderligere at dæmpe enhver mistanke, jeg måtte have.

Han syntes at have lyst til at beskæftige sig med noget for at gøre indtryk på mig, at han havde glemt hændelsen ved morgenbordet og sagde: "Det billede er forfærdeligt støvet." Der var ikke en støvklump, som jeg kunne se på billedet, men han stod en stol under det og satte sig derefter på det og begyndte at støve billedet på væggen.

Da han stod der, ubevæbnet, med ryggen til mig, kom det pludselig til mig: 'Nu eller aldrig er din chance. Hvis du ikke får ham nu, får han dig i aften. ' Uden yderligere eftertanke eller et øjebliks forsinkelse trak jeg min revolver og udlignede den, mens jeg sad. Han hørte hammeren klikke, da jeg bankede den med min tommelfinger og begyndte at dreje, da jeg trak i aftrækkeren. Bolden slog ham lige bag øret, og han faldt som en træstam, død.


Jesse James (iværksætter)

Jesse Gregory James (født 19. april 1969) er en amerikansk iværksætter, bilmekaniker og tv -personlighed. Han er grundlæggeren af ​​West Coast Choppers og nuværende administrerende direktør for Austin Speed ​​og Jesse James Firearms Unlimited, begge baseret i Austin, Texas. Han var i fokus for et show, der beskriver nogle af de brugerdefinerede motorcykelbygninger i hans tv -serier Jesse James: Outlaw Garage, der kørte en forkortet enkelt sæson i 2012 på Discovery Channel, inden den blev aflyst.

James var vært på reality -tv -udsendelserne Jesse James er en død mand på Spike TV og Monster Garage på Discovery Channel, og fokus på dokumentaren Motorcykel Mania, også på Discovery. Han optrådte også i 2004 skateboarding videospil Tony Hawk's Underground 2.


Nyt foto viser, at Jesse James forfalskede hans død

I godt to årtier havde min mor, Betty Dorsett Duke forsket i hendes familiehistorie i et forsøg på at afgøre, om hendes oldefar virkelig var den gamle vestforbud, Jesse Woodson James, der forfalskede sin død og levede til en alder af 97 år i Blevins , Texas under aliaset James Lafayette Courtney. Flere retsmedicinske fotografiske eksperter havde verificeret, at hendes familiebilleder matchede historisk accepterede fotos af Jesse James, Jesses mor Zerelda, Jesses stedfar Dr. Reuben Samuel og andre familiemedlemmer. Der blev fundet beviser i folketællinger, fødselsattester, avisartikler fra dengang, utallige bøger og andre kilder, herunder Bettys oldefars dagbog, hvor han underskrev sit navn Jesse James. Hun beviste endda, at 1995 -opgravningen af ​​den påståede grav af Jesse James i Kearney, Missouri, ledet af professor James Starrs, var plettet og beviste ingenting.

Men af ​​alle hendes opdagelser i hendes søgen efter sandhed var en af ​​de opdagelser, der gjorde hende lykkeligst, det foto, hun gerne kaldte "eBay -billedet", der tydeligt viste hendes oldefar Jesse James sidde i hans gård i Blevins, Texas ved siden af Annie Ralston og Frank James sammen med flere kendte familiemedlemmer og nære venner, der stod bag dem. ”Det var virkelig et fantastisk fund.

For nylig opdagede min søster, Teresa Duke, et foto, der ville have gjort vores mor stolt. Dette foto (med tilladelse til The Phillips Collection) hedder: Jesse James Funeral, og det viser præcis, hvad min mor Betty Dorsett Duke har sagt i alle år: "Jesse James deltog i sin egen begravelse" og "Wood Hite (Jesses fætter) var den der blev dræbt og døde som Jesse. ”

Jeg kontaktede agenten for The Phillips Collection, og han var meget venlig og gav mig nådigt tilladelse til at lægge billedet op med den bestemmelse, at jeg skulle oplyse, hvem han og hans team mener, at nogle af personerne på billedet er, og så vil jeg angive, hvem min familie er og andre tror, ​​de er. Så jeg vil først poste billedet med hans identiteter, og jeg vil følge det med billedet, der viser de identiteter, som vi mener er korrekte. Under dem vil jeg gå mere i detaljer med fotosammenligninger for at vise, hvorfor vi tror, ​​som vi gør.

Nu til den korrigerede version af billedet:

Først vil jeg gerne påpege, at vi, ligesom mange historikere, mener, at Zerelda var 6 fod høj. Det er veldokumenteret. Umiddelbart ser hun ud til at være kortere end dem omkring hende, men hvis du vil bemærke jorden, hvor de står, ser det ud til at være skrånende, hvilket sandsynligvis er resultatet af jord, der er samlet omkring graven. Jesses fødder ser ud til at være et sted mellem 6 og 8 tommer højere end Zereldas. Jesse var over 6 fod høj (hvilket også er veldokumenteret).

Vores team er enig med Phillips Collection -teamet med hensyn til identiteten af ​​Frank James og Zerelda James Samuel, så det er efter min mening ikke nødvendigt at vise deres sammenligninger på nuværende tidspunkt. Så jeg kommer til sammenligningerne af de to stjerner på dette foto: Jesse James og Wood Hite.

Til den første fotosammenligning starter jeg med Jesse James.

Læg mærke til håret, formen på hans øjne og næse og den høje pande. Han har et skæg på begravelsesfotoet, og selvfølgelig er han yngre på billedet til venstre, men vi tror, ​​det er Wood Hite i kisten.

Det er selvfølgelig ikke op til os at bevise, hvem der er i kisten, Betty Dorsett Duke har allerede bevist, hvem det ikke var. Jesse James var til sin begravelse, men han var ikke død. Begravelsesfotoet, med tilladelse fra Phillips Collection, giver mere bevis på, at Jesse James boede og døde i Texas i en alder af 97 år.


Forfædre til Jesse James

Jesse James og hans bror Frank var berygtede fredløse under storhedstiden i det amerikanske vest.

James -brødrene blev begge født i Missouri, sønner af Robert og Zerelda (Cole) James. James blev født den 5. september 1847 og hans bror Alexander Franklin "Frank" James blev født den 10. januar 1843. Der døde far, mens drengene var unge, og deres mor blev gift et par gange mere efter hans død.

Quantrill's Raiders og Bloody Bill Anderson

Under borgerkrigen var James -brødrene konfødererede guerillaer i Missouri. Frank sluttede sig til Quantrill's Raiders og fulgte til sidst Quantrill til Texas. Da Frank vendte tilbage til Missouri med en gruppe raiders, sluttede Jesse sig til gruppen.

Efter at lederen af ​​deres gruppe var hårdt såret, sluttede brødrene sig til Bloody Bill Andersons gruppe. Brødrene blev anklaget for at have begået grusomheder mod unionstropper, da de angiveligt deltog i Centralia -massakren, hvor Andersons bushwackers dræbte eller sårede 22 ubevæbnede unionsoldater.

James-Yngre bande

Efter borgerkrigen tog James-brødrene kriminalitet op som de mere berømte medlemmer af James-Younger-banden. Banden begik togrøverier, bankrøverier og drab fra 1866 til 1876, da et forsøg på røveri af Northfield, Minnesota banken resulterede i dødsfald og fangst af nogle af banden. Mens Frank trak sig tilbage fra kriminalitet efter dette forsøg, vendte Jesse tilbage til kriminalitet ved at danne en ny bande i 1879.

Slutningen kom for Jesse James den 3. april 1882, da et medlem af banden, Robert Ford, skød Jesse i baghovedet i et forsøg på at indsamle en belønning på $ 10.000. Jesse var på det tidspunkt blevet Amerikas mest eftersøgte kriminelle.

Den kongelige forfædre til Jesse James

Susanna Norwood er den sjette oldemor til fredløs Jesse James. Hun er også nøglen til hans kongelige aner gennem hendes far Capt John Norwood, der kom til Virginia fra England omkring 1650.

Harry Newman i sin "To Maryland from Overseas" udtaler følgende om kaptajn John Norwood:

Denne henvisning til & ldquoprofessional & quot forskning er det, der forbinder kaptajn John Norwood fra Virginia til Tyringham Norwood i England. Harry Newman døde kort tid efter offentliggørelsen af ​​denne konto, og detaljerne vedrørende denne 1961 -forskning er tilsyneladende ikke blevet offentliggjort. Så uden yderligere forskning bør enhver kongelige fætre eller berømte slægtninge gennem kaptajn John Norwood have præfiks med adjektivet & rdquoprobable. & Quot


Er Foto af Jesse James med Killer Real?

Jesse James havde gennemlevet skyderi og to pistolblæsninger mod brystet, men i sidste ende kunne han ikke overleve lidt husholdning. Da den berygtede Vilde Vesten fredløse rettede og støvede et billede, der hængte på stuevæggen i hans lejede hjem i St. Joseph, Missouri, den 3. april 1882, kørte Robert Ford op bag ham og tegnede sin revolver. En ny rekruttering til James Gang, der havde røvet banker, stagecoaches og tog over Missouri og de omkringliggende stater, Ford trak i aftrækkeren og skød James dødeligt i baghovedet på ham.

Rummet, hvor Jesse James blev skudt og dræbt i sit eget hjem. (Kredit: Walter Sanders/Getty Images)

Nu mere end 130 år efter, at Ford forrådte sit bandemedlem for belønningspengene og en guvernørbenådning, påstås et fotografi i fuld krop, der viser James sidde ved siden af ​​sin sidste morder, blevet godkendt af en berømt retsmedicinsk kunstner. Det udaterede farvetype fotografi var angiveligt engang i besiddelse af John og Pauline Higgins, et par, der husede medlemmer af James Gang i deres Cedar County, Missouri, stuehus i løbet af 1870'erne. Fotografiet blev overdraget gennem fem generationer af familien, indtil det kom i besiddelse af den 40-årige Sandra Mills, der bor i det landlige Washington.

I et interview med Houston Chronicle sagde Mills, at hendes bedstemor, Isabelle Klemann, fortalte sine historier om deres forfædres forbindelse til James Gang og beholdt farvetypen pakket ind i et lommetørklæde i sin kommode. �tte er Jesse James og den kujon Robert Ford, ” Klemann fortalte Mills om fotografiet, som hun testamenterede sit barnebarn tre år før hendes død i 2006.

Ifølge Mills håbede Klemann, at hendes barnebarn kunne sælge familiens arvestykke og købe jord med indtjeningen. Mills fandt imidlertid, at samlere var skeptiske over for fotografiets ægthed. “I ’m bare en gårdspige, så ingen ville lytte, ” fortalte hun til Houston Chronicle. “Vi fik ingen respekt fra nogen. ”

Tintype foto, angiveligt af Jesse James (til højre) siddende ved siden af ​​sin engangspartner og eventuelle morder Robert Ford (til venstre). (Kredit: Lois Gibson/https: //www.facebook.com/photo.php? Fbid = 10205954191792282 & ampset = a.10205954177311920.1073741833.1184473580 & amptype = 3 & amptheater)

Tidligere på året henvendte Mills sig til Lois Gibson, en af ​​landets bedste retsmedicinere og en analytiker for Houston Police Department, for at få hjælp. Gibson har i løbet af sin 33-årige karriere arbejdet med mere end 4.500 sager, og hendes skitser baseret på vidnesbyrd har resulteret i identifikation af mere end 1.200 personer. Den certificerede retsmedicinske kunstner er også gået ind i historiens rige ved at identificere sømanden, der kyssede en sygeplejerske på Times Square i et ikonisk fotografi i slutningen af ​​Anden Verdenskrig samt godkende et sjældent fotografi af en anden berømt fredløs 𠅋illie the Kid.

Mills mailede en scanning af farvetypen til Gibson, som brugte en uge på at analysere minutdetaljerne for de to afbildede mænd og sammenligne dem med verificerede fotografier af både James og Ford. Da den retsmedicinske kunstner transponerede fire fotografier af James oven på manden i farvetonen, fandt hun ud af, at alle ansigtsegenskaberne fra hårgrænsen til næseborets form til afstanden mellem næsen og overlæben — var et match. Gibson bemærkede endda, at fotografier af James viser, at hans venstre øje er større og hans venstre øjenbryn er længere end dem til højre, og manden i farvetypen udviser de samme små anomalier. ‚lle funktionerne stemmer næsten overens, ” skrev Gibson på sin Facebook -side. “ Næsen, øjnene, læberne, panden og hagen er af samme størrelse, form og positionering i forhold til de andre funktioner. ”

Gibson så også en sammenhæng mellem farvetonen og andre fotografier i fuld krop af James, der sad i en stol, der gik ud over identiske skjorte- og buksestilarter. Disse fotos viser en bemærkelsesværdigt lignende positionering af hånd, arm og ben, ” skrev hun og bemærkede, at fotografiske motiver i 1870'erne og 1880'erne skulle holde en pose i et helt minut. Denne naturlige kropsposition skulle være en behagelig, som Jesse James ville gentage, hvis han skulle holde stille så længe igen. ”

Portræt af den amerikanske snigmorder Robert Ford, der viste den revolver, han plejede at dræbe fredløs Jesse James i 1882. (Kredit: Authenticated News/Getty Images)

Klinkeren for Gibson var ligheden mellem manden, der sad til venstre på fotografiet, med den fredløse forræder. “Stærkt forstærket påstanden om, at denne farvetype virkelig er Jesse James, er den kendsgerning, at manden, der sidder ved siden af ​​ham, bemærkelsesværdigt ligner en kendt ledsager i kriminalitet, Robert Ford, og#x201D, hun skrev.

Gibson fortalte Houston Chronicle, at projektet var den mest spændende identifikation, hun nogensinde havde gjort. �t er det, bare stort, som at finde et T-Rex benben, ” sagde hun.

Det kan dog kræve mere end Gibson ’s erklæring at overbevise samlere om, at denne farvetype er den ægte vare, og der kan være mange penge på spil. Det eneste godkendte fotografi af Billy the Kid solgt for 2,3 millioner dollars på en auktion i 2011, og Bobby Livingston, koncerndirektør for RR Auction, fortalte Houston Chronicle, at farvetypen kunne hente en lignende pris, hvis den blev godkendt. �t er#overbevisende, ” sagde han om Gibson ’s fund, ȁMen jeg ville gerne se meget mere analyse. ”

Den retsmedicinske kunstner er dog ikke i tvivl om identiteten af ​​manden i farvetypen. Jeg kender ansigter inde og ude, og jeg arbejdede udtømmende på dette, fortalte Gibson til Houston Chronicle. Jeg er positiv over for Jesse James. ”

James ꃺmily udtaler sig

To portrætter af fredløse Jesse James. Til venstre er et mere almindeligt accepteret portræt af Jesse James. Ægtheden af ​​portrættet til højre bestrides af James Preservation Trust. (Kredit: Kean Collection/Getty Images og Public Domain)

Eric James er medlem af James-familien, der sammen med en af ​​de ulovlige oldebørn var med til at stifte James Preservation Trust i 2002. Deres mission er at arkivere og behandle spørgsmål om sandhed i familiehistorien, og de er blandt Jesse James -historikerne, der er uenige i ægtheden af ​​dette foto. Han siger, at farvetypen bare er endnu en i en lang række hoaxes relateret til bandelederen.

James fortæller HISTORIE, at tilliden modtager fotorepræsentationer to til fire gange om måneden. I et langt indlæg på Stray Leaves, det officielle websted for Frank og Jesse James familie, siger han, at Mills henvendte sig til ham i marts 2013 om farvetypen, der efter sigende bærer billederne af Ford og James, som han fandt at være#falskt. Jeg fortalte hende, at der ikke er nogen måde, det ville være en repræsentation af nogen mand, ” James siger.

Ved at bestride Gibson ’s resultater bemærker James, at den farvetype, hun offentliggjorde, er omvendt fra billedet, der blev præsenteret for ham. Det er et glimrende nej-nej til enhver videnskabelig autentificering, siger han. Du manipulerer ikke med billedet. ” James siger også, at nogle af de fotografier, Gibson brugte som sammenligningsgrundlag, slet ikke er autentiske, herunder et, hvor manden fremførte som Jesse James “ viser fuldstændigt sæt uskadte cifre ” i modsætning til fredløs, der havde en manglende fingerspids på en pegefinger. Hun sammenligner bare et fupfoto med et andet, og han siger.


Personlige liv

På trods af sin bemærkelsesværdige karriere som brugerdefineret motorcykelproducent og forretningsmand har James til tider modtaget mere presse for sit turbulente personlige liv end sine professionelle præstationer. James og hans første kone, Karla, giftede sig i 1991 og fik to børn, Chandler og Jesse Jr. De blev skilt i 2002, og samme år giftede James sig med voksenfilmsskuespillerinden Janine Lindemulder. De to fik en datter, Sunny, inden de blev skilt i 2004. Et år senere giftede James sig med Bullock. De blev sammen indtil 2010, da deres ægteskab brød sammen midt i en tabloid -skandale.

Kort efter vandt Bullock 2010 Oscar for bedste skuespillerinde for sin rolle i Den blinde side, dukkede der rygter op om, at James havde udført ægteskabelige forhold med blandt andre modellen Michelle McGee. James indrømmede sagerne og tjente offentligt vrede for sit forræderi mod den meget elskede Bullock. Kort efter at nyheden om hans anliggender dukkede op, tog James & aposs ry et yderligere hit, da der dukkede et fotografi op, der viste James udføre en nazistisk hilsen. James og Bullock blev skilt i juni 2010.

En angrende James har arbejdet på at få sit liv og karriere tilbage på sporet. Han tilbragte 30 dage på Sierra Tucson, en rehabiliteringsfacilitet i Arizona, hvor han modtog behandling for vredehåndtering, sexafhængighed og overvinde misbrug i barndommen. Spurgt i et interview, hvad der motiverede hans restitution, svarede James, & quotA vision om et bedre liv og en bedre fremtid, hvis du kan skele og visualisere det, og det kan være grundlaget for genopretning. Når jeg kan skele og se fantastiske, glade børn og mig selv som et anstændigt menneske og den person, jeg skal være, så er det, at når jeg kan smile og vide OK, vil alt være OK. & Quot

James havde et on-and-off-forhold til Kat Von D mellem 2010 og 2011, og giftede sig med dragracer Alexis DeJoria i 2013. I marts 2020 meddelte James og DeJoria deres adskillelse.


Legends of America

Jesse James vendte sig (delvist) til kriminalitet som et middel til at kræve hævn over alle ting Yankee — Time-Life Books ’ Det vilde vesten

Jesse James var en fredløs, bank- og togrøver, konfødereret guerilla under borgerkrigen og leder af James – Younger Gang.

Da Jesse James stadig levede, elskede Amerika ham allerede, for i ham var der eventyr i en ellers kedelig, langsomt vendt videnskabelig tidsalder. Sidst i Amerikas andet århundrede gjorde manden oprør mod et samfund, som han ikke kunne lide og blev en folkehelt. I midten af ​​1860’erne overdrev og romantiserede journalisterne bandets hævninger. Jesse James blev udråbt til at være den moderne Robin Hood, fordi det blev sagt, at han stjal fra de rige og var venlig over for de fattige.

På det tidspunkt blev hans bedrifter nydt af dem, der ikke kunne gøre mere end at fantasere om at leve et så eventyrligt liv. Dette forbliver naturligvis sandt i dag, da tusinder af mennesker er fascineret af ikke kun Jesse James, men af ​​de mange fredløse, der huggede vestgrænsen ud.

Selvom Jesse var mange ting, herunder at være en til tider venlig mand, en klogere kommode og en sjov charmer, var han også en koldblodig morder, røver, hestetyv og terrorist. Han og hans bande var meget farlige mænd.

Jesse James ’ forældre, Robert Sallee James og Zerelda Elizabeth Cole James var oprindeligt fra Stamping Ground, Kentucky, hvor de to mødtes på et vækkelsesmøde. Gift den 28. december 1841 fortsatte Robert James sin skolegang og tog eksamen fra Georgetown College. Efter Roberts eksamen flyttede den unge familie til Centerville -området i Clay County, Missouri. Centerville ville senere blive kendt som Kearney.

Med hjælp fra naboer, Robert og Zerelda, “Zee ”, som hun var mere almindeligt kendt, byggede en bjælkehytte i ørkenen og begyndte at hugge en gård. Robert blev præst i en lille baptistkirke uden for Kearney. Pastor James var en vellidt og respekteret mand i samfundet, der hjalp med at stifte William Jewel College i Liberty, Missouri. Zee, der stod seks meter høj, var kendt som en hårdtarbejdende, viljestærk gårdkvinde. Deres første søn, Alexander Franklin “Frank ”James blev født på familiegården den 10. januar 1843. Tre børn fulgte hurtigt efter. Robert James, Jr. blev født på gården den 19. juli 1845, men døde kun 33 dage senere. Jesse Woodson James blev født den 5. september 1847, og Susan Lavenia James blev født den 25. november 1849.

I begyndelsen af ​​1850 blev pastor James bedt om at tjene som kapellan på et vogntog af lokale mænd på vej mod vest til Californien på jagt efter guld. Den 12. april forlod han gården i Zee's omsorg og tog mod vest med det formål at prædike for de skarer af guldminearbejdere, der var samlet der. Ministeren kom aldrig tilbage til Missouri.

Kort efter ankomsten til Californien den 1. august 1850 fik pastoren feber som følge af at drikke forurenet vand. Den 18. august 1850 døde ministeren af ​​kolera på en guldlejr i Placerville i Californien og blev begravet i en umærket grav.

År senere ville Jesse søge efter sin fars hvilested, men det lykkedes ikke. Zerelda arvede gården, som hun fortsatte med at eje indtil sin egen død år senere. Men i øjeblikket var hun enke, tilbage med tre små børn. Frank, den ældste var syv år gammel, da hans far døde.

Benjamin Simms og Zerelda James Simms

Zerelda giftede sig anden gang med en mand ved navn Benjamin Simms, en nabobonde den 10. september 1852. Ægteskabet viste sig at være en ulykkelig, hovedsagelig på grund af Simms ’ opførsel over for de to drenge. Hans mangel på kærlighed til dem og hans brug af kropsstraf, som Zerelda ikke godkendte, resulterede i ægteskabets fiasko. Zee var en kvinde med stærke meninger, der voldsomt beskyttede sine sønner mod kritik. Efter en række argumenter mellem parret startede Zerelda procedurer for en skilsmisse, et usædvanligt træk for tiden. Dette viste sig ikke nødvendigt siden Simms blev dræbt den 2. januar 1854 i en hesteulykke.

Et tredje ægteskab med Dr. Archie Reuben Samuel fandt sted i 1855. Lægen var velvillig, føjelig og lod sin kone tage de vigtige familiebeslutninger. Når det kom til børnene, tog Zee alle beslutninger. Dr. Samuels købte yderligere tilstødende ejendom, og James 'beholdning voksede. Familien købte slaver for at hjælpe dem med driften af ​​gården.

I sin ungdom blev det sagt, at Frank var en tavs, tilbagetrukket bibellæsende dreng. Han udviklede en interesse for sin afdøde fars store bibliotek, især William Shakespeares værker. Frank ønskede angiveligt at blive skolelærer. Tværtimod blev Jesse beskrevet som generøs, ædelhjertet og selvsikker med en sjov charme. Dr. Samuel underviste begge drenge i ridning og skydefærdigheder. Begge drenge arbejdede på gården gennem teenageårene og nød normalt familieliv.

Frank James som ung mand

I 1861, da Frank fyldte 18 år, ophørte alle tanker om at tage en videregående uddannelse, da Missouri blev voldsom med konflikten og volden i borgerkrigen. Missouri blev revet i to retninger - størstedelen af ​​statens bosættere kom fra syd, men alligevel var hendes økonomi forbundet direkte mod nord.

Selvom Missouri stemte imod løsrivelse fra Unionen, var der et betydeligt antal mennesker med konfødererede sympati i staten, hvilket førte til dannelsen af ​​to separate regeringer med forskellig troskab. James-familien, på både faderlig og moderlig side, havde været slaveejere i årevis, som dannede deres troskab. Missourians ville tjene i hærene på begge sider af krigen, indtil slutningen i 1865 sluttede Frank til Missouri State Guard den 4. maj 1861 og kæmpede for konføderationen.

I 1862 blev den uægte søn af Dr. Archie Reuban Samuel født uden for ægteskab af en af ​​slaverne. Mulattodrengen blev opvokset som en del af familien Samuel.

Mens han var i Missouri State Guard, tjente Frank i slaget ved Lexington, hvor anslået 1.774 unionstropper mistede livet. En stor sejr for statsgarden, konfødererede overtog kontrollen over det sydvestlige Missouri i oktober 1861.

På et tidspunkt, efter kampen, vendte Frank hjem, formodentlig på grund af skade eller sygdom. Der blev han anholdt af en lokal milits af tilhængere af Unionen. Han blev løsladt, da han underskrev en troskabserklæring til Unionen. Men i juli 1862 havde han i stedet sluttet sig til Missouri Partisan Rangers af William Clark Quantrill. Quantrill ’s Raiders var konføderations -tilhængere, der brugte Guerilla -taktik. De var aktive i grænsekrigen mellem Missouri og Kansas og angreb både den almindelige unionshær og forskellige militser af Unionens tilhængere, der var aktive i de to stater.

Quantrill ’s raids fik opmærksomhed fra andre desperados. I 1863 rekrutterede Quantrill andre, der sluttede sig til hans firma, herunder “Bloody ”Bill Anderson, James -brødrene og de yngre brødre. I sommeren 1863 satte Quantrill sine steder i Lawrence, Kansas – placeringen af ​​hans mest berygtede ødelæggelse.

Tidligt om morgenen den 21. august 1863 faldt Quantrill sammen med sin morderiske styrke på omkring 300 ned på den stadig sovende by Lawrence. Quantrill blev ophidset af hovedstaden i fristaten og tog sin hævn mod Jayhawker-samfundet.

I dette omhyggeligt orkestrerede tidlige morgenangreb forvandlede han og hans band i fire frygtelige timer byen til en blodig og flammende inferno uden sidestykke i sin brutalitet. Quantrill og hans bushwhacker -skare af raiders begyndte deres terrorperiode klokken 5:00, plyndrede og brændte, mens de gik, bøjede sig efter total ødelæggelse af byen, derefter mindre end 3.000 indbyggere.

Da det var slut, havde de dræbt cirka 180 mand og efterladt Lawrence intet mere end ulmende ruiner. Frank James og Cole Younger var sammen med Quantrill under razziaen. Selvom der ikke er tegn på, at Jesse var sammen med den morderiske fest, siges det at have pralet med det senere. Konflikten er kendt som Lawrence -massakren.

Kun tre måneder efter Lawrence -razziaen invaderede en gruppe unionsoldater Samuel -gården på udkig efter oplysninger om placeringen af ​​Quantrill ’s lejr. Jesse, der kun var femten på det tidspunkt, blev afhørt, derefter hestepisket, da han nægtede at besvare soldaternes spørgsmål.

Dr. Samuel, der også nægtede at vide, hvor raiders ’ -lejren lå, blev trukket fra sit hus og blev gentagne gange hængt fra et træ i gården. På en eller anden måde lykkedes det lægen at overleve afhøringen.

No doubt out of hatred and anger over this event, Jesse joined “Bloody” Bill Anderson’s guerrilla forces at the age of sixteen. “Bloody Bill” was a Quantrill lieutenant who led a raid on Centralia, Missouri on September 27, 1864. More than 100 armed guerillas descended upon Centralia, a community of fewer than 100 people, intent upon robbing the train. While waiting for the train, they terrorized local civilians, robbing, and burning stores and killing a civilian who had attempted to defend a young woman. The stage from Columbia came into the community and they robbed the passengers.

When the train finally arrived, twenty-four unarmed and wounded Union soldiers were dragged from the train by the frenzied ruffians and were murdered in front of the horrified citizens of the town. The guerrillas then set fire to the Centralia depot, sacked and set fire to the train and then sent it on its way, west, with no crew aboard, to later crash and be destroyed.

The band of guerrillas was followed by an experienced Federal Infantry, led by Union Major A.V.E. Johnson. About three miles south of Centralia, Missouri the Union forces were bushwhacked by the band and were nearly annihilated. Over 120 federal troops were killed. Only three of the guerrilla forces were reported to have been killed in the battle.

Both Frank and Jesse were part of the battle south of Centralia, though it is disputed that they took part in the massacre of unarmed soldiers earlier in the day. Jesse is said to have killed Union Major Johnson and is “credited” with taking the lives of seven other men on that tragic day.

In late the spring of 1865, Jesse rode into Lexington, Missouri carrying a white flag. He was shot in the chest when he attempted to surrender by occupying Union troops. Afterward, he went to Rulo, Nebraska to recuperate from his wound before returning to Missouri.

The vicious violence of the Civil War had taken its toll upon Missouri. A total of 1,162 battles and skirmishes were fought in the state during the official years of the Civil War, a total exceeded only by Virginia and Tennessee.

Though the James family were slave owners, they were said to have been kind to their slaves, often allowing the children to sleep in the main house. When the war was over, the former slaves remained at the farm long after they were set free.

Jesse was living in Kansas City, Missouri with his aunt in 1865, when he fell in love with his cousin, Zerelda Mimms. Zerelda’s mother was the sister of Robert James, Jesse James’ father, making them first cousins. Zee, as she was more familiarly called, was actually named for Jesse’s mother. This however, did not stop the pair from beginning to court.

He was known as a very reliable young man, always dressing well, reading his bible and regularly attending church. He never swore or took the Lord’s name in vain, preferring when he was angry to make up his own swear words. His favorite was “Dingus”, which his brother Frank quickly nicknamed him.

With the bloody war finally over, Frank and Jesse turned to outlawry. Claiming to have been forced into a life of crime because the family had been persecuted during the war, Frank and Jesse became the leaders of a band of outlaws which included the Younger Brothers, Jim Reed, and other ex-Confederates.

Jesse justified much of his actions by his hatred of the Industrial North, feeling as if he were continuing the fight through his outlaw activities. Beginning in 1866, the gang robbed their way across the western frontier for the next fifteen years.

The first James-Younger bank robbery occurred on February 13, 1866, at the Clay County Saving Association Bank in Liberty, Missouri. The first daylight robbery during peacetime, the gang made off with over $60,000 in cash and bonds in bonds. As they made their escape, gunfire erupted and an innocent 17-year-old boy, by the name of George Wymore, was killed.

For the next several years, the gang continued in their crime spree robbing 8 more banks and a Kansas City Ticket office before robbing their first train. (See the list of banks on the James Gang Timeline.)

Not limiting who they robbed or killed, sometimes innocent bystanders were wounded or lost their lives while witnessing one of their crimes. During these years, the gang was constantly trailed by the Pinkerton Detective Agency.

Despite their criminal and often violent acts, James and his partners were much adored. In 1866 and 1867 John Newman contributed to the fame of the outlaws by writing glorifying articles and “dime novels.” Journalists, eager to entertain Easterners with tales of a wild West, exaggerated and romanticized the gang’s heists, often casting James as a contemporary Robin Hood. While James did harass railroad executives who unjustly seized private land for the railways, modern biographers note that he did so for personal gain. Any humanitarian acts were more fiction than fact.

In fact, they could be ruthless. On December 7, 1869, the gang held up the Davies County Savings Bank in Gallatin, Missouri. The teller, a man by the name of John Sheets, was a former Union officer who was said to have been involved in the death of “Bloody” Bill Anderson. Jesse hated him and shot the man in the back of the head. When clerk William McDowell ran for the door, he too was shot but survived the whole affair. Making off with only $700, a $3,000 reward was placed on their heads.

By the early 1870s, robbing banks was getting riskier as banks increased their security with time lock vaults. But that didn’t slow down the gang – they turned to stagecoach and train robbery.

The James-Younger Gang robbed their first train near Adair, Iowa on July 21, 1873. During the robbery, they wrecked the Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railroad Train and overturned the engine. The train engineer died in the accident and the gang made off with $3,000 from passengers and funds retrieved from the express car.

By 1874 Jesse’s crimes were a chief issue in Missouri’s campaign: whether or not to suppress outlawry so that “capital and immigration can once again enter our state.” But nothing was done his raids continued.

After nine years of courtship, Jesse James married Zerelda Mimms, on April 24, 1874. The wedding ceremony was performed by Methodist Minister William James, Jesse’s uncle and held in Kansas City. While honeymooning with his bride Zee on the Gulf of Mexico at Galveston, Texas, a reporter from the St. Louis Dispatch, did what the Pinkertons had failed to do, track down Jesse.

In June of 1874, Frank married Annie Ralston in Omaha, Nebraska. Though the brothers settled down for a time with their new brides, the gang was blamed for almost every bank, stagecoach, or train robbery that occurred almost anywhere in the west. Zerelda, the ever protective mother, began her own public relations campaign, spreading the folksy tales of the James gang and their roles as Robin Hood figures, stealing from the rich and giving to the poor.

James Home in Kearney, Missouri by Kathy Weiser-Alexander.

By 1875, Alan Pinkerton had become infuriated by the agency’s failure to arrest even a single member of the gang. The agency had been hired in 1871 by several bankers and railroad owners to track down the deadly James-Younger Gang. In January 1875 a Pinkerton agent Jack Ladd was posing as a field hand at work on the farm across the road from the James Farm. The farm, belonging to neighbor Dan Askew, served as a hideout for the Pinkerton spy. One afternoon, the agent thought he spotted Jesse and Frank at the farmhouse, though actually the brothers were miles away.

On January 26, six Pinkerton reinforcements surrounded the farmhouse and tossed a smoke bomb into the house, in an attempt to lure them out.

However, Archie Samuel, thinking it was a loose stick from the fire, tossed it “back” into the fireplace and the “bomb” exploded. The blast killed the young boy and wounded Zerelda’s hand so badly she later had to have it amputated.

Contemporary newspaper reports of the time simply reported the device as a “bomb” and the public was incensed. However, the public wasn’t the only ones who were angry. On April 12, 1875, Dan Askew, the neighbor who had sheltered Jack Ladd, the Pinkerton Spy, was found with a bullet in his brain at his home. Later in the same month, Jack Ladd was also found shot and killed.

After moving around for a while, Jesse and Zee welcomed their first child – Jesse Edward on August 31, 1875, on a leased farm near Waverly, Missouri. Jesse and Zee used the aliases, Thomas and Mary Howard. Jesse dyed his light-colored hair dark and grew a beard to conceal his real identity while laying low for many months, and took to farming with his wife. But, not for long. It was at this farm where the plans for the Northfield Minnesota Raid were devised.

The James Brothers, the three Younger Brothers, two Quantrill veterans named Clell Miller and Charlie Pitts and a local outlaw named Bill Chadwell all traveled north, lured by Chadwell’s tales of easy pickings in his home state. Right down Jesse’s alley, he liked the idea of taking on a northern bank. Planning on making Mankato their first target, Jesse was recognized and they quickly left town.

Northfield, Minnesota Raid

Riding in pairs, they headed for Northfield, 50 miles to the northeast. Meeting on the outskirts of town on September 6, 1876, they cased the First National Bank, making plans to rob it first thing in the morning.

Two days before Jesse’s 29th birthday, on September 7, 1876, the James-Younger Gang attempted to rob the First National Bank of Northfield, Minnesota. The attempted robbery was to be the demise of the infamous James-Younger Gang. When ordered to open the safe, bank cashier, Heyman, refused to do so and ducked down.

Angered, Jesse put a pistol to his head and shot him. The shot was heard beyond the bank and when the bank alarm began to go off the Northfield citizens opened fire upon the gang. Charley Pitts and Bill Chadwell were killed. Cole, Jim and Bob Younger were badly wounded but managed to escape. However, they were captured just one week later, just east of Mankato. The Younger Brothers were sentenced to life terms in prison. Frank and Jesse escaped back to Missouri, unharmed.

On February 6, 1878, Frank and Annie James give birth to Robert James and on June 17, 1879, Jesse and Zee gave birth to a daughter they named Mary Susan who was born in Nashville, Tennessee where Jesse and Zee stayed with Frank and Annie for a time.

With new gang members, the robberies continued over the next several years including a stage hold-up near Mammoth Cave, Kentucky and a bank robbery in Muscle Shoals, Alabama, and a train robbery in Winston, Missouri.

Jesse James Home in St. Joseph, Missouri

Shortly after the gang’s last train robbery on September 7, 1881, at Glendale, Missouri, Jesse moved his family to St. Joseph, Missouri. Renting a house on 1318 Lafayette Street on December 24, 1881, the family settled in under Jesse’s assumed name of Tom Howard. With a $10,000 reward over his head, Zee tried to get Jesse to take on a more normal life. And Jesse agreed, right after one last great bank robbery in Platte County, Missouri. Jesse had finally decided to retire, hopefully with enough money to become a gentleman farmer.

Planning the robbery with Bob and Charles Ford, whom Jesse had worked with in the past, the Ford brothers visited the James home in St. Joseph on the morning of April 3, 1882. Outlining his plans for the robbery with Bob and Charles in the parlor of his home, Jesse noticed that a framed needlepoint picture, done by his mother, was hanging crookedly on the wall. Standing on a chair to adjust the picture, Jesse turned slightly as he heard the sound of Bob Ford’s cocked pistol. Bob shot Jesse just below the right ear and Jesse toppled to the floor dead. Jesse was 34 years old.

At the sound of the gunshot, the children ran into the room, being the first to reach him. Zee followed, trying desperately to stop the blood. Bob Ford was already out the door and Charles spent a few moments trying to tell her how the gun had gone off accidentally. Then, he too, made a quick exit, running after his brother.

Robert Ford killed James for two reasons. The first was that Ford had killed a man by the name of Wood Hite in January of 1882. When word of the shooting resulted in Ford’s arrest he informed the officers that he had access to the much wanted Jesse James. In a deal made secretly with Governor Thomas T. Crittenden, the governor promised Ford a pardon for the Hite murder if he would kill James. There was also a $10,000 reward on Jesse’s head that Ford hoped to collect.

After his death, Jesse was packed on ice and taken by train to Kearney, where he was displayed and viewed by hundreds of friends, admirers, and curiosity seekers. Later he was buried on the family farm in a plot near the house so that Zerelda could keep an eye out for trespassers or souvenir hunters. His tombstone read: “In Loving Memory of My Beloved Son, Murdered by a Traitor and Coward whose name is not worthy to appear here.”

Jesse James’ mother Zerelda, at his grave on the James Farm

Initially, Ford was charged with murdering both Wood Hite and Jesse James, but true to his word Governor Crittenden pardoned him while he stood trial for the murder. As to the money, he received only a fraction of the reward. Returning to their hometown of Richmond, Missouri, Bob, and Charles were not greeted kindly and residents found the killing of Jesse James so distasteful that they made life unbearable for the two brothers.

Charles Ford fled Richmond when he heard that Frank James was searching for them to kill them in revenge for his brother’s death. Charles kept running from town to town for the next two years, changing his name several times. He finally committed suicide in 1884.

In the meantime, Bob Ford was capitalizing on his betrayal of Jesse James, taking to the stage, appearing in an act entitled Outlaws of Missouri.

Night after night, Ford retold his story, carefully omitting that he had shot James in the back. But, this charade was short-lived as he was greeted with catcalls, jeers, hoots, and challenges. Ford later took off to Las Vegas, New Mexico and then Creede, Colorado, where he was shot down in his own saloon on June 8, 1892.

During their 15-year crime spree, the James-Younger Gang committed 26 holdups making off with more than $200,000 and killed at least seventeen men.

On October 4, 1882, Frank James surrendered to Missouri Governor Thomas Crittendon. The 39-year-old bandit marched into the governor’s office and took off his gun belt, placing it before Crittenden and saying: “Governor Crittenden, I want to hand over to you that which no living man except myself has been permitted to touch since 1861.” Frank was tired of the outlaw life – of being hunted for over twenty years, of living in a saddle, of knowing no peace.

Universal sympathy for Frank James and his family was exhibited by the public. After a number of long trials, Frank was acquitted on all counts. Returning home to the James Farm, he took up a number of peaceful pursuits, working as a horse trainer and a racetrack starter.

Jesse’s mother, Zerelda, allowed tourists to view the grave of her son for 25 cents and sold rocks from his grave. Legend has it that when the rock supply ran low, she simply restocked from the river. She also gave paid tours of the farm shortly after Jesse’s death, a practice that was continued by Frank in later years.

Zee James, who had suffered from deep depression after her husband’s death, died in 1900.

Later, when Zerelda could no longer live alone, her son’s body was moved to the Mount Olivet Cemetery in Kearney, Missouri and placed next to his wife on July 29, 1902. Frank James was present at the re-burial of his brother.

In 1903 Frank James appeared in a small Wild West show with his friend Cole Younger, who had been released from prison in 1901.

Zerelda James at her Farm

On February 10, 1911, Zerelda Samuel, after visiting Frank and Annie at their home in Oklahoma, suffered a heart attack on the train back to Kearney at the age of 86. She is buried at the Mt. Olivet Cemetery next to sons Jesse and Archie, husband Reuben, and daughter-in-law Zee.

Frank James, at the age of 72, died from natural causes at the James Farm on February 18, 1915. His wife Annie Ralston James spent her widowhood at the farm.


Jesse James Home

Notorious outlaw Jesse James was shot and killed in this house on April 3, 1882. He was killed by Bob Ford, a member of the James gang, to collect a $10,000 reward offered by Governor Tom Crittenden.

Jesse died at the age of 34 after living a lawless career for 16 years. He was living with his wife and two children under the assumed name of Tom Howard at the time of his death.

Jesse was shot from behind while he stood on a chair to straighten a picture in his own home. After the shooting, Jesse's wife and two children and his mother, Mrs. Zerelda Samuel, spent the next two nights at Patee House, which was then called the World's Hotel.


American Experience

Young Jesse James, 1882. Library of Congress

A teenager when he rode off to join Confederate guerrillas in 1864, Jesse James never really stopped fighting the Civil War. Unable to accept the defeat of the secessionist cause, Jesse trained his fury on banks, trains and stagecoaches. He fancied himself a modern Robin Hood, robbing from Radical Republicans and giving to the poor. But the myth hid the darker reality of a repeat murderer whose need for attention kept him committing crimes long after the cause he championed was gone.

Slave-Owning Family
Jesse was born in Clay County, Missouri, on September 5, 1847, to Zerelda and Robert James, hemp farmers who owned six slaves. When the Civil War came, young Jesse watched his older brother Frank march off to fight for the rebellion — and likely chafed that he himself was too young to go.

Confederate Fighters
Frank's activities with a band of pro-Confederate guerrillas brought the wrath of Union militiamen to the James family. Jesse was roughed up and his stepfather tortured for information. This may have been the spark that set off Jesse's flame. In the spring of 1864, the lanky 16-year-old with sharp blue eyes joined a bloodthirsty guerrilla group led by "Bloody Bill" Anderson. They terrorized pro-Union enemies in the Missouri countryside. Still an impressionable teenager, Jesse participated in multiple atrocities, including the notorious Centralia massacre, in which 22 unarmed Union soldiers and a hundred other Union soldiers were butchered. These experiences helped define the man he would become.

Bold Robbers
Many, if not most, of the guerrillas returned to civilian life after the war ended, putting down their weapons and picking up their plows. But Jesse and Frank James felt no peace. The humiliation of Confederate defeat still gnawed at them, and the disenfranchisement of most ex-Confederates by the victorious Radical Republicans made Jesse feel like a victim. He chose to continue fighting, targeting a bank in Gallatin, Missouri, thought to be run by the man who had killed Bill Anderson. On December 7, 1869, Jesse and Frank rode in during daylight, shot an unarmed cashier, and made off with some worthless paper. They made a daring escape through the midst of a posse sent to capture them. Later they declared that "they would never be taken alive." For the first time, the newspapers mentioned Jesse James and he loved the attention. Soon he began tailoring his robberies to attract as much of it as possible, even leaving press releases behind.

The Legend Begins
Aided by an ex-Confederate soldier and newspaper editor named John Newman Edwards, Jesse began constructing a myth of himself as a heroic Southern fighter, a noble Robin Hood who helped poor Missourians crushed under the weight of Republican outrages. In letters that Edwards published, Jesse simultaneously proclaimed innocence for specific crimes while wearing the general outlaw's mantle. "We are not thieves," he wrote, "we are bold robbers. I am proud of the name, for Alexander the Great was a bold robber, and Julius Caesar, and Napoleon Bonaparte." It was indeed the stuff of legend while Jesse certainly stole from the rich, there was no evidence he ever actually gave his gains to the poor.

Northfield
During the early 1870s, Jesse and his gang robbed banks, stagecoaches, and trains with near impunity. Sheltered by Confederate sympathizers, they eluded authorities again and again. Perhaps Jesse began to believe in his own invulnerability, because in September 1876 he badly overreached, attempting a bank robbery in Northfield, Minnesota, some 500 hundred miles from his normal base of operations. The robbery was a disaster. The townsfolk had no tolerance for former rebels — they killed two of the robbers then and there, and hunted down the others. Only Jesse and Frank escaped, but they were forced to live in Tennessee under assumed names.

Gunned Down
Frank began to enjoy the quiet life, but Jesse was restless, unable to settle down with his wife Zee and son Jesse. He tried various moneymaking schemes, bought race horses -- but none of it quenched his thirst for the spotlight. Jesse returned to crime in 1879, but by then ex-Confederates had taken over Missouri's political reins, and the public had little patience for his banditry. Jesse's new gang, none of them ex-soldiers, were in it for the money, not the cause, and one of them happily conspired with Missouri's governor to hunt the outlaw down and collect a $10,000 reward. On April 3, 1882, Jesse got a bullet in the back of the head. He died with few allies, but in later years the myth surrounding him grew so strong that it eventually crowded out the inconvenient truths of his own murderous life.


Kentucky Genealogy Trails


Robert Ford and Jesse James

Robert Sallee James was a Baptist preacher in Western Missouri. He was born July 17, 1818 in Logan County Kentucky, a place called Lickskillet on the Whippoorwill Creek. . His family was one of the old families of Logan County Kentucky.

He was the son of John and Mary Poore James, both natives of Virginia, but very early settlers of Logan County, Kentucky. Robert was one of nine children, five sons and four daughters. The five sons were as follows: Wm. James (1811), John James (1815), Robert S. James (1818), Thomas M. James (1823), Drury Woodson James (1825) Mary James (1809) m John Mimms, Elizabeth James (1816) m Tillman West, Nancy James (1830) m George Hite, Mary Elizabeth James (1827) m John R. (Hugh) Cohorn. Mary Elizabeth mother, Mary (Poore) James died the following day after she was born. A neighbor, Mary Elizabeth Hendricks (who had lost her child one week before), breast fed the new infant girl a few weeks until she became very healthy and continued to raise her as her own until she was married. The name “Mary Elizabeth” came from three sources, the names of her two older sisters, so she may always remember them, her mother, Mary and her godmother's name, Mary Elizabeth Hendricks who raised her to adulthood. (Facts obtained from the old Hendrick-Newton bible, on record at the James Museum, Kearney, MO.)

Was a graduate of Georgetown, Kentucky College having completed all requirements of the four-year classical course, on June 29, 1843. His degree was the Bachelor of Arts. According to faculty records, final examination for the senior class was taken on May 24, 1843. Robert is listed as having tied for third place honors in the class. For his accomplishment, he was awarded the opportunity to present an oration at the commencement exercises. All associates who knew him spoke of him as a kindly man of God. So convincing as a Minister one would remember his sermons the rest of their life. He was an educator, gifted orator, and a successful farmer.

He married Miss Zerelda Cole, one year before he graduated from college. . They met at a religious gathering. Her family was from Lexington, Kentucky and she was educated in a Catholic convent (St. Catherine's Female School )in that city. The Cole family was of Revolutionary stock and her grandfather was a soldier in the Revolutionary War.

She was born January 29, 1825 in Woodford County Kentucky at her Grandfather's (Richard Cole Jr.) Black Horse Inn. The brick portion was attached to the Inn in 1799. It was the living quarters of her father James Cole, born September 8, 1804 to February 27, 1827 and her mother Sarah (Sallie) Lindsay (4-15-1803 to 10-12-1851). She was the daughter of Anthony and Alsey (Cole) Lindsay. Alsey was the daughter of Richard Cole Sr. being James Cole's Aunt.

The Cole family had come from Pennsylvania through Virginia to Kentucky. Richard Cole Sr. helped to survey with Humphrey Marshall “The Vacant Lands”, where Frankfort is now located in June and July of 1785. He later settled in Woodford County near what is now the town of Midway and Leestown Pike. He bought a large track of land from Hancock Lee. Hancock's son, Maj. John Lee helped in the settlement of Versailles, KY. Richard Cole Sr. operated a Tavern by the name, “Cole's Inn,” located on Cole's Road.

Richard Cole Jr. (4-23-1763 to 7-9-1839) married Sally Yates. He was a wealthy farmer operated the Black Horse Inn he was one of the first constables of Woodford County and was commissioned Lieutenant in the Woodford Light Infantry Company, November 10, 1796.

There were striking similarity in the personalities of Richard and his granddaughter Zerelda, they had strong personalities, blunt acceptance of facts pleasant or unpleasant, high courage and almost fanatical loyalty to their families. They were friends to be desired and enemies to be feared and avoided. Richard Cole Junior's latter days were marred by violent and tragic events, which did not cease with his death but continued to plague his family unto “the third and forth generation.”

Richard and Sallie's children were:
William Cole, Mary Cole, Elizabeth Cole, Sally Cole, Jesse Cole, and Amos Cole who were killed in a fight at Black Horse Inn 1827. James Cole (2-8-1804 to 9-27-1833) was married to his first cousin Sally Lindsay. She had only two children before his death. It is said he died after being thrown from a horse. Zerelda was then only two years old, she continued to live at the Black Horse Inn with her grandfather as guardian. After James death her mother married again to Robert Thomason whom Zerelda did not favor. According to members of the family Zerelda “hated” Robert Thomason and became a favorite to her Grandfather, Richard Cole Jr. who gave her the proper education and training to become a lady of prominence. When Sally and Robert moved to Clay County Mo. Zerelda did not accompany them, instead she went to live with her Uncle James M. Lindsay, at Stamping Ground, Scott Co. Ky

By the time school ended in the spring of 1841 Robert James and Zerelda were not speaking. Most young men in those days had strong beliefs that a woman should be silent and not express their political thoughts. Zerelda was of the Cole and Lindsay Families, who had been famous for their courageous deeds during the Revolutionary War. She inherited these same traits, and with her education it made her unwilling to comply with his wishes. But three days later before fall 1841, the desire and love for Zerelda was too strong, Robert proposed to her and they were married December 28, 1841 at the home of Uncle Judge James Madison Lindsay, in Stamping Ground, Kentucky. He was 23 and she was 17 years old. The house is still standing and presently owned by Marguerite Sprague on Locust Fork Pike, Scott County.

The following August they left for Clay County, Missouri, to visit her mother Sarah, and her step-dad Robert Thomason. He returned to Georgetown leaving alone his pregnant wife with her mother. His desire was to finish his final year of theological training and return home by next Christmas, but the Missouri River was frozen the poor roads were treacherous, so it was spring after he had graduated before he arrived at Kearney, to reunite with his wife and a new son born January 10, 1843, Alexander Franklin James. He later returned to Georgetown College in 1848 where he received his Masters Degree. He then decided to settle in Clay County where he purchased a farm from Asa W. Thomason, near Centerville, a town which later changed it's name to Kearney. The farm had no house and they built a cabin during the next spring. Robert bought two slaves. He combined farming and preaching to make a living. He founded the Baptist churches at New Hope and Providence.

In 1851, he went to California. Jesse was only 4 years old at this time. He went in order to get money to educate his children. The trip lasted from April 21 to August 1, 3 months. Robert died 18 days after arriving in California. and is buried there. He died August 18, 1850 near Placerville El Dorado California.

Their children were:
Alexander Franklin James (Frank) - born Jan. 10, 1844
Robert James - born July 19, 1845 - he died in infancy
Jesse Woodson James - born Sept. 5, 1847 - died April 3, 1882
Susan L. James - born Nov. 25, 1849. She married on Nov. 11, 1870 to Allen H. Palmer. She died in 1889.

Zerelda James remained a widow for four (4) years, and then she was married to a Mr. Sims, who died. She then married Dr. Reuben Samuels in 1855.

Their children were:
Sarah L. Samuels - born Dec. 26, 1858. She was married on Nov. 28, 1878 to William Nicholson.
John T. Samuels - born May 25, 1861. He married on July 22, 1885 to Norma L. Maret.
Fannie Quantrell Samuels - born Oct. 18, 1863. She married on Dec. 30, 1880 to Joseph Hall.
Archie Payton Samuels - born July 26, 1866. He was murdered by Pinkerton detectives on Jan. 26, 1875.

Dr. Samuels and Zerelda lived in a neighborhood of Northern sympathizers, of course Dr. Samuels and Zerelda were Southern sympathizers, which lead to cruelty towards their family. Dr. Samuels was hung up three times because he did not know the whereabout of Quantrell's band. Jesse was in the fields working at this time. The Militia went to the fields and whipped Jesse up and down the rows of corn and then took him to the barn where they were torturing his step-father. The Militia then went to the house and confronted Mrs. Samuels (Mrs. Robert James) at gun point. They then took Mrs. Samuels and her daughter to jail at St. Joseph and imprisoned them for 25 days. Jesse James decided after this incident that he would not allow the militia, lawmen, or anyone else to treat him that way again. It is no wonder that Jesse joined the Quantrell's gang after his family was beaten, imprisoned, tortured, persecuted at every turn and driven from home.
Legend said that the two brothers were brutal murders and came from an illiterate family. The brothers robbed banks and stole from the railroads because those institutions were forcing people into poverty, raised grain prices which forced farmers to sell their farms. Jesse came to their aid. As far as being illiterate, there are alot of letters written by Frank and Jesse that were well written.


Jesse W. James
I hereby certifgy that the above is the the only ___ photograph of my deceased husband, taken before death.
Mrs. Jesse W. James


Out of all the iconic love stories in Hollywood, we can’t forget about Sandra Bullock and her ex-husband, Jesse James. A timeline of the former couple’s romance proves their relationship was filled with highs, lows and plenty of memories.

Det Blind Side star and the Monster Garage host first met in 2003. After hitting it off, Sandra and Jesse started dating and quickly fell in love. The Hollywood stars were married by 2005.

Throughout the first few years of their marriage, Sandra and her handsome hunk looked happier than ever as they attended red carpet events together. Jesse also supported his successful spouse as she won countless awards thanks to her incredible talents as an actress.

It was Sandra, however, who praised her hubby for standing by her side as she accepted the Academy Award for Best Actress in 2010. “To my husband, there is no surprise that my work got better when I met you because I never knew what it felt like for someone to have my back,” she gushed on stage.

Sadly, the Hastighed alum and Jesse’s relationship started to crumble when reports of multiple alleged affairs surfaced that same year. After just months of public scrutiny, the Miss Congeniality actress filed for divorce. Around the same time, she adopted her eldest son, Louis.

Looking back, Sandra “never thought she’d get past the heartbreaking and humiliating breakup with Jesse,” a friend close to the Proposal star told Closer Weekly in December 2019. “Sandra has been through hell.”

Fortunately, that all changed when she crossed paths with her current beau, Bryan Randall, in 2015. “Meeting him was literally a godsend,” the insider sweetly added.

Aside from sharing one of the “most solid” bonds in Hollywood, Sandra and Bryan are also crushing it at raising the brunette beauty’s son, Louis, as well as her daughter, Laila, whom she adopted in 2015.

“The kids are growing up so fast and Bryan couldn’t be more involved in their upbringing,” a separate source told Closer. “The kids adore Bryan and of course, Sandra still pinches herself that she’s been so lucky finding Bryan.”

Fans can’t wait for the day the lovebirds finally tie the knot!

In the meantime, scroll through the gallery below to see a timeline of Sandra and Jesse’s relationship over the years.

The former couple met when Sandra arranged for her then-10-year-old godson to meet Jesse for his birthday back in late 2003. At the time, they took a tour of Jesse’s garage, West Coast Choppers, because the youngster was a fan of the show Monster Garage. It was there that sparks flew between the two.

After dating for about two years, Sandra and the motorcycle guru made their love official. On July 16, 2005, the lovers tied the knot in a romantic ceremony in California.

When she married Jesse, Sandra became the loving mom of his three kids, Jesse James Jr., Chandler James og Sunny James, from previous relationships. During a press conference promoting Premonition in 2007, Sandra made a rare comment about being a stepmom.

“Here’s the thing, I have children. I married into children. I love those children. My concern and my love for those kids as a coparent is no less than if I had that child biologically,” she once said. “I don’t see the difference between that and having your own child biologically. I feel for the children I have in my life and I would not change that.”

Four years into their marriage, the American entrepreneur and Sandra were granted full custody of Jesse’s daughter Sunny. This came after a months-long custody battle with Jesse’s ex-wife Janine Lindemulder, with whom he shares his youngest daughter. Sandra was helping raise Sunny after Janine was sentenced to six months in prison for tax evasion in late 2008, according to reports.

Just when fans thought the pair were going strong, In Touch Weekly reported about Jesse’s alleged cheating with Michelle “Bombshell” McGee, a model who claims she had an 11-month affair with Jesse. Following the news, multiple other women came forward with stories of infidelity.

Shortly after, Jesse issued a public apology to his then-wife and his three kids. “There is only one person to blame for this whole situation, and that is me,” he said in a statement. Though a “vast majority” of the allegations made against him were “untrue and unfounded,” he noted, “it’s because of my poor judgment that I deserve everything bad that is coming my way.”

Jesse went on to say, “This has caused my wife and kids pain and embarrassment beyond comprehension and I am extremely saddened to have brought this on them. I am truly very sorry for the grief I have caused them. I hope one day they can find it in their hearts to forgive me.”

However, Sandra filed for divorce from Jesse in late April 2010 and it was finalized in late June 2010.

Chris Pizzello/Invision/AP/Shutterstock MEGA

Five years after their divorce, Sandra found love with Bryan. The couple met in 2015 after she hired the handsome hunk to come take photos at her son Louis’ birthday party. Since then, the pair has been happier than ever.

“They are best friends and partners,” a source once told Closer, adding Sandra is Bryan’s “greatest supporter.”

In March 2017, Jesse addressed the cheating incident that happened over a decade ago. “Yeah, I did cheat on my wife. I stood up and took accountability for it and apologized. And that’s end of story,” he told the Daglig post på det tidspunkt. “In general, both women and men cheat. It’s part of life.”

Despite being heartbroken in the past, Sandra is looking forward to her future with Bryan. “Sometimes they sit back and laugh because they look at their lives and they feel like an old married couple,” another source told Closer in December 2019. “They’re set in their ways and content. The kids are healthy and happy. This is all she’s ever wanted: this is heaven for Sandra.”


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